Published Date2020-01-15
JournalStatistics in medicine, 2020-01-15, Volume 39 Find other publications in this journal
Author Info
  • Department of Biostatistics, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan.
  • Department of Data Sciences, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, Massachusetts.


This research develops multivariable restricted time models appropriate for analysis of recurrent events data, where data is repurposed into censored longitudinal time-to-first-event outcomes in τ-length follow-up windows. We develop two approaches for addressing the censored nature of the outcomes: a pseudo-observation (PO) approach and a multiple-imputation (MI) approach. Each of these approaches allows for complete data methods, such as generalized estimating equations, to be used for the analysis of the newly constructed correlated outcomes. Through simulation, this manuscript assesses the performance of the proposed PO and MI methods. Both PO and MI approaches show attractive results with either correlated or independent gap times in an individual. We also demonstrate how to apply the proposed methods in the data from azithromycin in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Trial.