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Publication
ID31124805Published Date2019-06-01JournalThe journal of physician assistant education : the official journal of the Physician Assistant Education Association, 2019-06-01, Volume 30
The Physician Assistant Clinical Knowledge Rating and Assessment Tool (PACKRAT®) is a known predictor of performance on the Physician Assistant National Certifying Exam (PANCE). It is unknown, however, whether these associations (1) vary across programs; (2) differ by PACKRAT metrics (first-year [PACKRAT 1], second-year [PACKRAT 2], and composite score [arithmetic mean of PACKRAT 1 and PACKRAT 2]); or (3) are modified by demographic or socioeconomic variables.Linear and logistic hierarchical …
Publication
ID30086121Published Date2018-09-01JournalThe journal of physician assistant education : the official journal of the Physician Assistant Education Association, 2018-09-01, Volume 29
Physician assistant (PA) programs have heterogeneous admissions processes, but limited information is available as to which preadmission variables are associated with the greatest PA program success. We assessed the associations between preadmission criteria and PA program outcomes while accounting for numerous potential confounders and potential cohort effects.In a sample of 147 students from a single New England PA program, we used random intercept multiple regression models to examine the …
Publication
ID29459230Published Date2018-07-01JournalEnvironmental research, 2018-07-01, Volume 164
Hypertension is a highly prevalent cardiovascular risk factor. It is possible that air pollution, also an established cardiovascular risk factor, may contribute to cardiovascular disease through increasing blood pressure. Previous studies evaluating associations between air pollution and blood pressure have had mixed results.We examined the association between long-term (one-year moving average) air pollutant exposures, prevalent hypertension and blood pressure in 4121 older Americans (57+ ye…
Publication
ID28712959Published Date2017-10-01JournalInternational journal of hygiene and environmental health, 2017-10-01, Volume 220
Air pollution exposures have been shown to adversely impact health through a number of biological pathways associated with glucose metabolism. However, few studies have evaluated the associations between air pollution and glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) levels. Further, no studies have evaluated these associations in US populations or investigated whether associations differ in diabetic as compared to non-diabetic populations. To address this knowledge gap, we investigated the associations be…
Publication
ID28521192Published Date2017-08-01JournalEnvironment international, 2017-08-01, Volume 105
Long-term exposure to ambient particulate matter (PM) has been previously linked with higher risk of cardiovascular events. This association may be mediated, at least partly, by increasing the risk of incident hypertension, a key determinant of cardiovascular risk. However, whether long-term exposure to PM is associated with incident hypertension remains unclear.Using national geostatistical models incorporating geographic covariates and spatial smoothing, we estimated annual average concentr…
Publication
ID28153527Published Date2017-04-01JournalEnvironment international, 2017-04-01, Volume 101
Anemia, a highly prevalent disorder in elderly populations, is associated with numerous adverse health outcomes, including increased mortality, impaired functional status and cognitive disorders. Approximately two-thirds of anemia in American elderly is caused by chronic inflammation or is unexplained. A potential contributing factor may include air pollution exposures, which have been shown to increase systemic inflammation and affect erythropoiesis. Few studies, however, have investigated t…
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