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IDDOI:10.1177/0011392120907638Published Date2020-07-01JournalCurrent Sociology, 2020-07-01, Volume 68
Algorithms are increasingly being adopted in healthcare settings, promising increased safety, productivity and efficiency. The growing sociological literature on algorithms in healthcare shares an assumption that algorithms are introduced to ‘support’ decisions within an interactive order that is predominantly human-oriented. This article presents a different argument, calling attention to the manner in which organisations can end up introducing a non-negotiable disjuncture between human-init…
Publication
ID32078958Published Date2020-07-01JournalComputer methods and programs in biomedicine, 2020-07-01, Volume 190
Background and Objective The positivity property of the non-linear dynamical systems is one of the essential features in different fields of bio-medical engineering, science and many more. The state variables, involving in the models, describing the natural phenomenon such as concentration, density and population size etc. must be positive. Therefore, the computing techniques used to solve the system of non-linear differential equations must be consisted with the continuous nature of the mode…
Publication
ID32220593Published Date2020-07-01JournalExperimental gerontology, 2020-07-01, Volume 135
Declining mitochondrial function and homeostasis is a hallmark of aging. It is appreciated that the role of mitochondria is much more complex than generating reactive oxygen species to cause aging-related tissue damage. More recent literature describes that the ability of mitochondria to undergo fission or fusion events with each other impacts aging processes. A dynamic balance of mitochondrial fission and fusion events is required to sustain critical cellular functions including cell cycle. …
Publication
ID32335326Published Date2020-07-01JournalCortex; a journal devoted to the study of the nervous system and behavior, 2020-07-01, Volume 128
Spatial distortions in touch have been investigated since the 19th century. For example, two touches applied to the hand dorsum feel farther apart when aligned with the mediolateral axis (i.e., across the hand) than when aligned with the proximodistal axis (along the hand). Stimulations to our sensory receptors are usually dynamic, where spatial and temporal inputs closely interact to establish our percept. For example, physically bigger tactile stimuli are judged to last longer than smaller …
Publication
ID32470872Published Date2020-07-01JournalJournal of human evolution, 2020-07-01, Volume 144
Ergonomic relationships that minimize muscle activity relative to the creation of cutting stress underpin the design of modern knives, saws, and axes. The Palaeolithic archaeological record, and the > 3 million years of technological behavior that it represents, is predominantly characterized by sharp stone implements used for cutting. To date, we do not know whether Palaeolithic hominins adhered to ergonomic principles when designing stone tools, if lithic technological transitions were link…
Publication
ID32173565Published Date2020-07-01JournalAnnals of anatomy = Anatomischer Anzeiger : official organ of the Anatomische Gesellschaft, 2020-07-01, Volume 230
To identify anatomical differences in the deltoid tuberosity of Homo sapiens and Pan troglodytes, potentially relating to the different uses of the forelimb in these two phylogenetically related species.We have used three-dimensional geometric morphometrics (3D GM) to analyze the deltoid tuberosity of scanned humeri from 30 H. sapiens and 27 P. troglodytes. We also used the 3D scans of the humeri to calculate the surface area of the deltoid tuberosity. Finally, we dissected the deltoid muscle…
Publication
ID32356023Published Date2020-07-01JournalEuropean journal of applied physiology, 2020-07-01, Volume 120
To determine the influence of two commonly occurring genetic polymorphisms on exercise, cognitive performance, and caffeine metabolism, after caffeine ingestion.Eighteen adults received caffeine or placebo (3 mg kg) in a randomised crossover study, with measures of endurance exercise (15-min cycling time trial; 70-min post-supplementation) and cognitive performance (psychomotor vigilance test; PVT; pre, 50 and 95-min post-supplementation). Serum caffeine and paraxanthine were measured (pre, 3…
Publication
ID32037605Published Date2020-07-01JournalChild: care, health and development, 2020-07-01, Volume 46
In the United Kingdom, pregnant women are offered foetal anomaly screening to assess the chance of their baby being born with eleven different conditions. How health care professionals (HCPs) deliver news about a child having a congenital anomaly affects how it is received and processed by parents. We refer to this news as different news.We conducted a mixed methods evaluation of a training intervention to improve how HCPs deliver different news. Twenty-six HCPs self-completed pretraining and…
Publication
ID32433898Published Date2020-07-01JournalNeural computation, 2020-07-01, Volume 32
The multispike tempotron (MST) is a powersul, single spiking neuron model that can solve complex supervised classification tasks. It is also internally complex, computationally expensive to evaluate, and unsuitable for neuromorphic hardware. Here we aim to understand whether it is possible to simplify the MST model while retaining its ability to learn and process information. To this end, we introduce a family of generalized neuron models (GNMs) that are a special case of the spike response m…
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Research Grants: 1,071
Publications: 9,863
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