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ID31753309Published Date2020-01-30JournalEcotoxicology and environmental safety, 2020-01-30, Volume 188
Cyanobacterial harmful algal blooms dominated by Microcystis frequently produce microcystins, a family of toxins capable of inflicting harm to pelagic and benthic freshwater invertebrates. Research on the effect of microcystins on invertebrates is inconclusive; from one perspective, studies suggest invertebrates can coexist in toxic blooms; however, studies have also measured negative food-associated effects from microcystins. To test the latter perspective, we examined the reproduction, grow…
Publication
ID31826431Published Date2020-02-01JournalCarbohydrate polymers, 2020-02-01, Volume 229
Carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC) and glycerol were added by immersing neutralized collagen fiber paste into CMC/glycerol aqueous solutions with different mass ratios, forming composite films. CMC decreased the glycerol adsorption by 49.5%. The presence of CMC formed rougher film surface and more compact internal structure. Glycerol increased the distances between collagen molecules and decreased the relative triple helix contents. The tensile strength and Young's modulus of film in dry condition…
Publication
ID31731130Published Date2020-02-01JournalThe Science of the total environment, 2020-02-01, Volume 702
Periphyton provides important ecosystem services in aquatic environments, including supporting diverse consumers. We studied pesticide bioconcentration in periphyton in a coastal marsh on Lake Erie. The marsh is within a protected area (Rondeau Provincial Park) but receives discharge from tributaries draining intensively farmed land. Periphyton bioconcentrated 20 pesticide chemicals above levels observed in adjacent water or sediment. Average bioconcentration factors ranged from 12 times for …
Publication
ID31729829Published Date2020-01-01JournalObesity (Silver Spring, Md.), 2020-01-01, Volume 28
This study aimed to explore the individual and combined effects of skim milk powder (SMP) and exercise on indices of systemic and liver lipid metabolism in male obese rats.Rats were fed a high-fat (~ 40% kcal from fat), high-sugar diet for 8 weeks. At 12 weeks of age, rats were assigned to one of four weight-matched, isocaloric, high-fat, high-sugar groups for 6 weeks: (1) casein-sedentary, (2) casein-exercise, (3) SMP-sedentary, and (4) SMP-exercise. Nonfat SMP or casein was the sole protein…
Publication
ID31671031Published Date2020-01-01JournalClinical gerontologist, 2020-01-01, Volume 43
: To assess the preliminary effectiveness of Meaning-Centered Men's Groups (MCMG), a 12-session existentially-oriented, community-based, psychological group intervention designed to enhance psychological resiliency and prevent the onset or exacerbation of suicide ideation among men who are concerned about or struggling with the transition to retirement.: We recruited 30 men (n= 10 per group), 55 years and older (M= 63.7, SD= 4.1) from community settings to participate in a course of MCMG to b…
Publication
ID31006977Published Date2020-01-01JournalMicrobial biotechnology, 2020-01-01, Volume 13
Alginate is an important polysaccharide that is commonly used as a gelling agent in foods, cosmetics and healthcare products. Currently, all alginate used commercially is extracted from brown seaweed. However, with environmental changes such as increasing ocean temperature and the increasing number of biotechnological uses of alginates with specific properties, there is an emerging need for more reliable and customizable sources of alginate. An alternative to seaweed for alginate production i…
Publication
ID31668439Published Date2020-01-01JournalJournal of dairy science, 2020-01-01, Volume 103
The study investigated the effect of chop length of wheat straw in a high-straw dry cow diet on the feeding behavior, health, and performance of Holstein dairy cows across the transition period. Forty cows were enrolled at dry off, approximately 45 d before expected calving, and assigned to 1 of 2 dietary treatments containing (on a dry matter basis) 36% corn silage, 35% dry cow pellet, and 29% wheat straw. Diets were formulated to target an energy consumption of 19 Mcal/d of net energy for l…
Publication
IDDOI:10.4018/ijdwm.2020010101Published Date2020-01-01JournalInternational Journal of Data Warehousing and Mining, 2020-01-01, Volume 16
Existing work on multiple databases (MDBs) sequential pattern mining cannot mine frequent sequences to answer exact and historical queries from MDBs having different table structures. This article proposes the transaction id frequent sequence pattern (TidFSeq) algorithm to handle the difficult problem of mining frequent sequences from diverse MDBs. The TidFSeq algorithm transforms candidate 1-sequences to get transaction subsequences where candidate 1-sequences occurred as (1-sequence, itssub…
Publication
ID31327334Published Date2020-01-01JournalAnimal : an international journal of animal bioscience, 2020-01-01, Volume 14
Feed represents a substantial proportion of production costs in the dairy industry and is a useful target for improving overall system efficiency and sustainability. The objective of this study was to develop methodology to estimate the economic value for a feed efficiency trait and the associated methane production relevant to Canada. The approach quantifies the level of economic savings achieved by selecting animals that convert consumed feed into product while minimizing the feed energy us…
Publication
IDIEEE:8765347Published Date2020-01-01JournalIEEE Transactions on Information Forensics and Security, 2020-01-01, Volume 15
As an emerging training model with neural networks, federated learning has received widespread attention due to its ability to update parameters without collecting users’ raw data. However, since adversaries can track and derive participants’ privacy from the shared gradients, federated learning is still exposed to various security and privacy threats. In this paper, we consider two major issues in the training process over deep neural networks (DNNs): 1) how to protect user’s privacy (i.e., …
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