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ID31896444Published Date2020-04-01JournalJournal of critical care, 2020-04-01, Volume 56
Severe acute kidney injury (AKI) is associated with a significant risk of mortality and persistent renal replacement therapy (RRT) dependence. The objective of this study was to develop prediction models for mortality at 90-day and 1-year following RRT initiation in critically ill patients with AKI.All patients who commenced RRT in the intensive care unit for AKI at a tertiary care hospital between 2007 and 2014 constituted the development cohort. We evaluated the external validity of our mor…
Publication
ID31641896Published Date2020-04-01JournalArchives of sexual behavior, 2020-04-01, Volume 49
Despite midlife adults accounting for a substantial and growing segment of the population, few large-scale studies have investigated factors which distinguish highly satisfying relationships from less satisfying ones in midlife. In a subsample of partnered 40-59-year-old Canadians (705 men, 743 women), relationship characteristics, sexual activity and communication, and health were investigated individually and simultaneously as predictors of high emotional and sexual satisfaction. Though the…
Publication
ID32089307Published Date2020-04-01JournalJournal of dairy science, 2020-04-01, Volume 103
The objective of this study was to describe mortality rates and euthanasia practices used for cows, heifer calves, and male dairy calves on Canadian dairy farms. An internet survey was administered to Canadian dairy producers between March and April 2015 to collect information on current management practices. Approximately 81% (867/1,076) and 63% (673/1,065) of respondents reported that at least one animal died unassisted and at least one animal was euthanized on the farm in the preceding 12-…
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ID32081806Published Date2020-04-01JournalFish & shellfish immunology, 2020-04-01, Volume 99
Edwardsiella ictaluri (E. ictaluri) causes severe infections in yellow catfish (Pelteobagrus fulvidraco), which leads to a massive loss in the aquaculture industry especially in catfish commercial production. Previous studies have confirmed that vitamin D is essential in immune regulation in mammals. Based on next-generation sequencing, this study explored the immunomodulatory effects of dietary vitamin D on the head kidney of yellow catfish after E. ictaluri challenge. Current results showed…
Publication
ID31456317Published Date2020-04-01JournalJournal of magnetic resonance imaging : JMRI, 2020-04-01, Volume 51
Accurate detection and localization of prostate cancer (PCa) in men undergoing prostate MRI is a fundamental step for future targeted prostate biopsies and treatment planning. Fully automated localization of peripheral zone (PZ) PCa using the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) map might be clinically useful.To describe automated localization of PCa in the PZ on ADC map MR images using an ensemble U-Net-based model.Retrospective, case-control.In all, 226 patients (154 and 72 patients with an…
Publication
ID32037177Published Date2020-04-01JournalJournal of dairy science, 2020-04-01, Volume 103
This retrospective cross-sectional study was designed to identify risk factors associated with failed transfer of passive immunity (FTPI) and to determine differences in colostrum management between male and female dairy calves. Research technicians visited a total of 16 commercial dairy farms weekly. For each calf born on these farms, the farm personnel completed a birth record to document the colostrum management practices provided, level of calving assistance, calf sex, and time of birth. …
Publication
ID31987640Published Date2020-04-01JournalTrends in ecology & evolution, 2020-04-01, Volume 35
Plant-animal interactions are fundamentally important in ecosystems, but have often been ignored by studies of climate-change impacts on biodiversity. Here, we present a trait-based framework for predicting the responses of interacting plants and animals to climate change. We distinguish three pathways along which climate change can impact interacting species in ecological communities: (i) spatial and temporal mismatches in the occurrence and abundance of species, (ii) the formation of novel …
Publication
ID31877455Published Date2020-04-01JournalChemosphere, 2020-04-01, Volume 245
To investigate the anaerobic treatment efficiency and degradation pathways of glutamate-rich wastewater under various hydraulic retention times (HRTs), a lab-scale upflow anaerobic sludge blanket (UASB) reactor was operated continuously for 180 days. Results showed that high chemical oxygen demand (COD) removal efficiencies of 95.5%-96.5% were achieved at HRTs of 4.5 h-6 h with a maximum methane yield of 0.31 L-CH/g-COD. When the HRT was shortened to less than 3 h, the removal performance of …
Publication
ID32081345Published Date2020-04-01JournalJournal of environmental sciences (China), 2020-04-01, Volume 90
Reversible double water in oil in water (W/O/W) emulsions were developed to contain subsurface hydrocarbon spills during their remediation using surfactant flushing. Double emulsions were prepared by emulsifying CaCl solutions in canola oil, and subsequently by emulsifying the W/O emulsions in aqueous sodium alginate solutions. The formation of double emulsions was confirmed with confocal and optical microscopy. The double emulsions reversed and gelled when mixed with the surfactants sodium d…
Publication
ID32062581Published Date2020-04-01JournalDNA repair, 2020-04-01, Volume 88
This study was initiated to examine the effects of caffeine on the DNA damage response (DDR) and homologous recombination (HR) in mammalian cells. A 5 mM caffeine treatment caused the cell cycle to stall at G2/M and cells eventually underwent apoptosis. Caffeine exposure also induced a strong DDR along with subsequent activation of wildtype p53 protein. An unexpected observation was the caffeine-induced depletion of Rad51 (and Brca2) proteins. Consequently, caffeine-treated cells were expecte…
We found 43,316 documents that match your Search
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