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ID32360867Published Date2020-07-15JournalVirus research, 2020-07-15, Volume 284
Beginning in the 1960's, sowthistle yellow vein virus (SYVV) was the subject of pioneering research that demonstrated propagation of a plant virus in its insect vector. Since the 1980's there has been a paucity of research on SYVV, with historic isolates no longer maintained and no genomic sequence available. Once commonly observed infecting sowthistle (Sonchus oleraceous L.) in California, SYVV incidence declined ca. 1990, likely due to displacement of the black currant aphid (Hyperomyzus la…
Publication
ID32143128Published Date2020-07-15JournalFood chemistry, 2020-07-15, Volume 318
Colorful fruits conveying astringent beverages providing well documented health-benefits may present clarification, turbidity and sedimentation problems. Hydraulic pressing whole 'Wonderful' pomegranates and ultrafiltration followed by high temperature short-time pasteurization was used to mimic the dominant U.S. commercial juicing protocol, delivering not-from-concentrate juices, stored at 4 and 25 °C for 3 months. A goal was to avoid expensive and complicated clarification and fining steps.…
Publication
IDDOI:10.1094/pdis-08-19-1791-rePublished Date2020-07-01JournalPlant Disease, 2020-07-01, Volume 104
In California, citrus tristeza virus (CTV) is regulated by a State Interior Quarantine. In CTV abatement districts in central California, trees with CTV that react to MCA13 (MCA13-positive [MCA13+]), a strain-discriminating monoclonal antibody, are rogued to prevent virus spread. The Tulare County Pest Control District, however, does not participate in this abatement program except for a 1.6-km2 zone around the Lindcove Research and Extension Center, Exeter, CA. To quantify CTV spread under t…
Publication
ID32350078Published Date2020-07-01JournalJournal of lipid research, 2020-07-01, Volume 61
Multi-component lipid emulsions, rather than soy-oil emulsions, prevent cholestasis by an unknown mechanism. Here, we quantified liver function, bile acid pools, and gut microbial and metabolite profiles in premature parenterally fed pigs given a soy-oil lipid emulsion, Intralipid (IL), a multi component lipid emulsion, SMOFlipid (SMOF), a novel emulsion with a modified fatty-acid composition [experimental emulsion (EXP)], or a control enteral diet (ENT) for 22 days. We assayed serum cholesta…
Publication
IDDOI:10.1094/phyto-02-20-0051-rPublished Date2020-07-01JournalPhytopathology®, 2020-07-01, Volume 110
Fire blight, caused by the bacterial pathogen Erwinia amylovora, is a persistent problem for pear (Pyrus spp.) growers in the United States. Growing resistant cultivars is one of the best options for managing fire blight. The cultivars Potomac and Old Home and the selection NJA2R59T69 display resistance to fire blight. As such, three mapping populations (El Dorado × Potomac, Old Home × Bartlett, and NJA2R59T69 × Bartlett) were developed to identify genomic regions associated with resistance t…
Publication
ID32304575Published Date2020-07-01JournalLetters in applied microbiology, 2020-07-01, Volume 71
Surface water is prone to bacterial contamination as it receives wastes and pollutants from human and animal sources, and contaminated water may expose local populations to health risks. This review provides a brief overview on the prevalence and antimicrobial resistance (AR) phenotypes of Salmonella, Escherichia coli and Enterococcus, found in natural freshwaters. These bacteria are frequently detected in surface waters, sometimes as etiological agents of waterborne infections, and AR strain…
Publication
IDDOI:10.1094/mpmi-03-20-0075-aPublished Date2020-07-01JournalMolecular Plant-Microbe Interactions®, 2020-07-01, Volume 33
Phyllachora maydis is an important fungal pathogen that causes tar spot of corn and has led to significant yield loss in the United States and other countries. P. maydis is an obligate biotroph belonging to the Sordariomycetes class of Ascomycota. Due to the challenges posed by their obligate nature, there is no genome sequence available in the Phyllachora genus. P. maydis isolate PM01 was collected from a corn field in Indiana and the genome was determined by next-generation sequencing. The …
Publication
ID32611315Published Date2020-07-01JournalBMC plant biology, 2020-07-01, Volume 20
Alfalfa has been cultivated in many regions around the world as an important forage crop due to its nutritive value to livestock and ability to adapt to various environments. However, the genetic basis by which plasticity of quality-relevant traits influence alfalfa adaption to different water conditions remain largely unknown.In the present study, 198 accessions of alfalfa of the core collection for drought tolerance were evaluated for 26 forage quality traits in a field trial under an impos…
Publication
ID32487875Published Date2020-07-01JournalCurrent opinion in clinical nutrition and metabolic care, 2020-07-01, Volume 23
DNA methylation is an epigenetic mark that reflects both genetic and environmental influences over the life course and has the potential to be a robust biomarker for cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk. However, standard association studies linking DNA methylation and CVD are susceptible to reverse causation and may not directly translate into useful biomarkers of future disease. Studies of incident CVD represent a crucial tool for improving this evidence base.Recent investigations have started…
Publication
ID32527422Published Date2020-07-01JournalPesticide biochemistry and physiology, 2020-07-01, Volume 167
Human exposure to environmental chemicals both individually and in combination occurs frequently world-wide most often with unknown consequences. Use of molecular approaches to aide in the assessment of risk involved in chemical exposure is a growing field in toxicology. In this study, we examined the impact of two environmental chemicals used in and around homes, the insect repellent DEET (N,N-diethyl-m-toluamide) and the phenylpyrazole insecticide fipronil (fluocyanobenpyrazole) on transcri…
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