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ID31185400Published Date2019-10-10JournalThe Science of the total environment, 2019-10-10, Volume 686
Expressions of eutrophication have led to increased stress on coastal ecosystems around the world. The nitrogen (N) removal potential of coastal wetland ecosystems is important due to increased loading of N to the coast. In Louisiana, there is rapid coastal wetland loss due primarily to the presence of river levees, which have isolated the coastal basins, and a high relative sea level rise. Ecosystem managers are planning to construct the Mid-Barataria sediment diversion which will reconnect …
Publication
ID31473415Published Date2019-11-01JournalEnvironment international, 2019-11-01, Volume 132
Fruit and vegetable (FV) intake is recommended for the prevention of coronary heart disease (CHD). FVs are also an important source of exposure to pesticide residues. Whether the relations of FV intake with CHD differ according to pesticide residue status is unknown.To examine the associations of high- and low-pesticide-residue FVs with the risk of CHD.We followed 145,789 women and 24,353 men free of cardiovascular disease and cancer (excluding non-melanoma skin cancer) at baseline and partic…
Publication
ID29294619Published Date2019-11-01JournalJournal of interpersonal violence, 2019-11-01, Volume 34
Although teen dating violence victims' reticence in seeking help from adults is well documented, little is known about youths' comparative perceptions of the types of help offered by and effectiveness of various sources. This qualitative study solicited teens' perceptions of sources of help for victims using in-depth interviews with African American youth (ages 13-18) in two public high schools in New Orleans ( = 38). Participants were recruited purposively by researchers during lunchtime and…
Publication
ID31162999Published Date2019-11-01JournalRenal failure, 2019-11-01, Volume 41
Urine neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) was found to increase in diabetic kidney disease (DKD). However, the clinical value of urine NGAL as diagnostic indicators in DKD remains to be clarified. Relevant studies were systematically retrieved from PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, and the Cochrane Library. Stratified analyses and regression analyses were performed. Fourteen studies with 1561 individuals were included in our analysis, including 1204 cross-sectional participants an…
Publication
ID31345075Published Date2019-11-01JournalAnxiety, stress, and coping, 2019-11-01, Volume 32
Medical patients often have trauma histories that are not routinely assessed, which can adversely affect health outcomes. Despite growing awareness of this issue, there is limited understanding of factors that influence provider competency in trauma-informed care (TIC). The study examined healthcare providers' personality traits in relation to their sense of TIC efficacy, taking into account perceived barriers to TIC and professional quality of life. The study used cross-sectional survey meth…
Publication
ID31485312Published Date2019-10-06JournalInterface focus, 2019-10-06, Volume 9
The placenta performs many physiological functions critical for development. Insufficient placental perfusion, due to improper vascular remodelling, has been linked to many pregnancy-related diseases. To study longitudinal placental perfusion, we have implemented a pixel-wise time-intensity curve (TIC) analysis of contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) images. CEUS images were acquired of pregnant Sprague Dawley rats after bolus injections of gas-filled microbubble contrast agents. Conventionall…
Publication
ID31058974Published Date2019-10-01JournalThe Journal of clinical endocrinology and metabolism, 2019-10-01, Volume 104
It is unclear how adolescent glycemic status relates to brain health in adulthood.To assess the association between adolescent fasting plasma glucose (FPG) and MRI-based brain measures in midlife.Between 1973 and 1992, the Bogalusa Heart Study (BHS) collected FPG from children, 3 to 18 years old, and followed up between 1992 and 2018. Cognitive tests and brain MRI were collected in 2013 to 2016 and 2018.Observational longitudinal cohort study.Of 1298 contacted BHS participants, 74 completed s…
Publication
ID31533551Published Date2019-10-01JournalJournal of the American Heart Association, 2019-10-01, Volume 8
Background While venous thromboembolism (VTE) prophylaxis is a strong recommendation after most surgeries, it is controversial in cardiac surgeries such as coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), because of perceived low VTE incidence and increased bleeding risk. Prior studies may not have been adequately powered to study outcomes of VTE in this population. We sought to investigate the postoperative incidence and outcomes of CABG patients using a large national inpatient database. Methods and…
Publication
ID30198417Published Date2019-10-01JournalStatistical methods in medical research, 2019-10-01, Volume 28
Excessive zeros are common in practice and may cause overdispersion and invalidate inferences when fitting Poisson regression models. Zero-inflated Poisson regression models may be applied if there are inflated zeros; however, it is desirable to test if there are inflated zeros before such zero-inflated Poisson models are applied. Assuming a constant probability of being a structural zero in a zero-inflated Poisson regression model, the existence of the inflated zeros may be tested by testing…
Publication
ID31378101Published Date2019-10-01JournalHypertension (Dallas, Tex. : 1979), 2019-10-01, Volume 74
Low birth weight is associated with a greater prevalence of hypertension in women by age 60; yet, the mechanisms involved are unknown. We previously reported that hypertension in female growth-restricted offspring that is associated with early reproductive senescence and a shift in the testosterone-to-estradiol ratio at 12 months of age is abolished by AR (androgen receptor) blockade in conjunction with downregulation of renal AT1aR (angiotensin type 1a receptor) mRNA expression. These data s…
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