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ID31565735Published Date2020-06-01JournalEuropean heart journal cardiovascular Imaging, 2020-06-01, Volume 21
Cardiovascular risk factors are used for risk stratification in primary prevention. We sought to determine if simple cardiac risk scores are associated with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-detected subclinical cerebrovascular disease including carotid wall volume (CWV), carotid intraplaque haemorrhage (IPH), and silent brain infarction (SBI).A total of 7594 adults with no history of cardiovascular disease (CVD) underwent risk factor assessment and a non-contrast enhanced MRI of the carotid a…
Publication
ID31994918Published Date2020-06-01JournalCanadian journal of psychiatry. Revue canadienne de psychiatrie, 2020-06-01, Volume 65
Exposure to adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) is associated with increased risk of criminal justice involvement and repeated victimization among homeless individuals. This study aimed to (1) examine whether the relationship between cumulative ACE score and odds of experiencing criminal justice involvement and victimization remains significant over time after receiving the Housing First (HF) intervention and (2) investigate the moderating effect of cumulative ACE score on the effectiveness …
Publication
ID30739494Published Date2020-06-01JournalAging & mental health, 2020-06-01, Volume 24
Using six waves of longitudinal data (2001-2015) collected in Anhui, China (N = 2,131) and generalized estimating equations (GEE) models, this study fulfilled several objectives. First, the study compared the widowed to the married to examine if the transition to and duration of widowhood contributes to changes in depression. Second, the study examined if the bereavement-depression relationship is a process that precedes widowhood or is an abrupt change following the death of a spouse. Third,…
Publication
IDDOI:10.1177/1469605320916099Published Date2020-06-01JournalJournal of Social Archaeology, 2020-06-01, Volume 20
Archaeological evidence has been used to assess pre-contact occupation and use of land since the first modern Aboriginal title claim in Canada. Archaeology’s ability to alternately challenge, support, and add substantive spatial and temporal dimensions to oral histories and documentary histories makes it a crucial tool in the resolution of Aboriginal rights and title. This article assesses how archaeological evidence has been considered in Aboriginal rights and title litigation in Canada, bot…
Publication
IDDOI:10.1177/0306624x19896454Published Date2020-06-01JournalInternational Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology, 2020-06-01, Volume 64
The complex relationship between crime and economic change has had a long pedigree in criminological research. This article considers the temporal stability of the Cantor and Land model of unemployment and crime using a decomposition model of Canadian provinces, 1981 to 2009. We include multiple economic measures for a more comprehensive representation of economic performance, allowing for the estimates of long- and short-run unemployment effects to vary over time. We undertake this analysis …
Publication
ID31234728Published Date2020-06-01JournalSexual abuse : a journal of research and treatment, 2020-06-01, Volume 32
Although past studies demonstrated the heterogeneity of the criminal career patterns of juveniles with sexual offenses (JSOs), such studies did not directly assess whether JSOs have different adult offending outcomes compared with juvenile nonsex offenders. Using data on a subsample of males from the Incarcerated Serious and Violent Young Offender Study, JSOs ( = 78), juveniles with violent offenses (JVOs; = 550), and juveniles with nonviolent offenses (JNVOs; = 281) were compared across a va…
Publication
ID31955878Published Date2020-06-01JournalThe Journal of pediatrics, 2020-06-01, Volume 221
To investigate whether exposure to tobacco smoke during early brain development is linked with later problems in behavior and executive function.We studied 239 children in a prospective birth cohort. We measured tobacco exposures by caregiver report and serum cotinine 3 times during pregnancy and 4 times during childhood. We used linear regression to examine the association between prenatal and childhood serum cotinine concentrations and behavior (the Behavior Assessment System for Children-2…
Publication
ID32222633Published Date2020-06-01JournalEnvironmental research, 2020-06-01, Volume 185
Per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) are ubiquitous. Previous studies have found associations between PFAS and thyroid hormones in maternal and cord sera, but the results are inconsistent. To further address this research question, we used mixture modeling to assess the associations with individual PFAS, interactions among PFAS chemicals, and the overall mixture.We collected data through the Health Outcomes and Measures of the Environment (HOME) Study, a prospective cohort study that be…
Publication
ID32212753Published Date2020-06-01JournalPsychological assessment, 2020-06-01, Volume 32
Indigenous people and the courts have emphasized that it is important to examine whether scores from violence risk assessment tools are valid and appropriate for Indigenous youth. However, studies are scarce. Therefore, we examined the predictive validity of youth probation officers' Structured Assessment of Violence Risk in Youth (SAVRY) ratings for 744 Canadian youth, including 299 Indigenous youth (219 male, 80 female), and 445 Caucasian youth (357 male, 88 female) in a prospective field s…
Publication
IDDOI:10.1177/1089268019880883Published Date2020-06-01JournalReview of General Psychology, 2020-06-01, Volume 24
This is a proposal to make persons and their lives central to and the primary focus of psychological theory and inquiry. To this end, the ontological status of persons is clarified, their unique ontogeny is described, and the nature of their lives is explored. With these clarifications and descriptions in place, the proposal concludes with a consideration of advantages to psychology and psychologists of adopting persons and their lives as a primary focus of psychological theory and inquiry.
We found 39,682 documents that match your Search
Research Grants: 20,073
Publications: 16,061
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