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Publication
IDDOI:10.1177/0734016819842639Published Date2020-03-01JournalCriminal Justice Review, 2020-03-01, Volume 45
Research finds that “problematic” victim behaviors—for example, alcohol consumption—influence sexual assault case outcomes. Questions remain, however, regarding officer perceptions of what constitutes a problematic victim and how these victims complicate case processing. Indeed, most case processing research has relied on quantitative methods and inquiry into officer attitudes has primarily relied on the use of vignettes. Using data from in-depth interviews with 52 Los Angeles Police Departme…
Publication
IDDOI:10.1177/0735633119839177Published Date2020-03-01JournalJournal of Educational Computing Research, 2020-03-01, Volume 58
The aim of this study was to examine the effects of an anti-bullying activity that utilizes conversational virtual agents (called conversation-bots or chatbots) on students’ attitudes toward bullying problems. An experimental pre- or posttest design with a three-group setting was used. Eighty-nine fifth-grade students were assigned to one of three groups: Conversation with a virtual agent of (a) bully’s role, (b) victim’s role, and (c) teacher’s role. All agents are conversation-bots designed…
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ID31954956Published Date2020-03-01JournalLegal medicine (Tokyo, Japan), 2020-03-01, Volume 43
Crimes committed with assault rifles are becoming increasingly prevalent in the United States. In the absence of other evidence, DNA analysis can often provide informative leads. Unfortunately, any DNA transferred to rifle components left behind at a crime scene is likely to be low in quantity and/or quality. Furthermore, collected evidence is unlikely to be processed immediately and may require storage. Long-term storage can subject DNA to damage and degradation, which ultimately affects DNA…
Publication
IDDOI:10.1177/1461444820902449Published Date2020-02-14JournalNew Media & Society, 2020-02-14
Social media platforms and digital networks have enabled professionals to communicate with colleagues, disseminate information, and co-create knowledge. As the Internet has grown up and social networks have scaled, there is an increased awareness of the occupational impact of being online. Prior research in postsecondary education has examined the structure of social networks, imagined audiences online, openness of practice, and informational/communication patterns of academics. We conducted …
Publication
IDDOI:10.1177/0011128720906113Published Date2020-02-13JournalCrime & Delinquency, 2020-02-13
This study uses data from the Serious and Violent Offender Reentry Initiative (SVORI) to examine the effects of social support and stressors on self-reported illicit drug use among 1,074 recently released individuals (men = 874; women = 200). Three broad conclusions can be drawn from these findings: (a) Men were more likely than women to use drugs in the first 3 months following release from prison; (b) mental health and neighborhood quality were universal predictors of drug use in early reen…
Publication
ID32064536Published Date2020-02-12JournalJournal of analytical toxicology, 2020-02-12
Fentanyl analogs (novel and traditional) continue to impact the ever-growing opioid epidemic. Furanyl fentanyl is one analog equipotent to fentanyl that has documented involvement in thousands of intoxication and fatality cases around the world. Due to its prevalence, toxicologists need to improve detection and understanding of this analog. A method for the quantification of furanyl fentanyl (FuF) and its metabolites (4-ANPP, furanyl norfentanyl (FuNorF)) in a small volume (100 μL) of human p…
Publication
ID32039651Published Date2020-02-10JournalJournal of personality disorders, 2020-02-10
Examining psychopathic traits at the factor or facet level has revealed that various aspects of psychopathy may be differentially related, even in opposing directions, to important outcomes (e.g., intelligence, emotion regulation). Empirical work on relations between psychopathy and internalizing disorders, such as posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression, has provided evidence for a positive association with antisocial traits. However, findings for the affective domain have been m…
Publication
ID31879014Published Date2020-02-05JournalBiochemical and biophysical research communications, 2020-02-05, Volume 522
In the field of endothelial biology, the term "shear forces" is tied to the forces exerted by the flowing blood on the quiescent cells. But endothelial cells themselves also exert physical forces on their immediate and distant neighbors. Specific factors of such intrinsic mechanical signals most relevant to immediate neighbors include normal (F) and shear (F) components of intercellular tractions, and those factors most relevant to distant neighbors include contractile or dilatational (M) and…
Publication
ID32008041Published Date2020-02-02JournalJournal of analytical toxicology, 2020-02-02
Mitragyna speciosa (Kratom) has emerged as a recreational drug and a substance of medicinal intrigue. Although the drug was initially used recreationally for its sedating and euphoric effects, more recently its use has been associated with the non-medically supervised treatment of opioid abstinence syndrome. Mitragynine is the principal pharmacologically active alkaloid in kratom. Although metabolites of mitragynine have been identified, the cytochrome P450 (CYP450) enzymes responsible for it…
Publication
ID31793124Published Date2020-02-01JournalHealth economics, 2020-02-01, Volume 29
The timing of an abortion (often measured as gestational age) can have important effects on the woman's physical health and on the cost of the procedure. To the authors' knowledge, there has been only one national analysis of the factors associated with the gestational age at abortion, but it employed data from over 20 years ago. The state-specific studies that have explored abortion timing have typically examined the effects of a specific change in abortion regulations. In this study, we emp…
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Patents: 34

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