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Publication
PubMed ID29678315Published Date2019-01-18JournalMedicina clinica, 2019-01-18, Volume 152
According to recent guidelines, the best approach for treatment of heart failure patients with preserved ejection function is still not defined. The aim of this study was to investigate how carvedilol therapy influences the survival rate, ejection fraction and NYHA class in these patients.We conducted study on heart failure patients with preserved systolic function from the Croatian heart failure registry who were hospitalized in the period between 2005 and 2010. We enrolled patients with car…
Publication
PubMed ID30307496Published Date2019-02-01JournalHealth education research, 2019-02-01, Volume 34
Exercise referral schemes aim to increase physical activity amongst inactive individuals with or at risk of long-term health conditions. Yet many patients referred to these schemes (by health professionals) fail to take up the exercise opportunities on offer. Understanding factors influencing uptake to exercise referral schemes may help improve future attendance. Using the Socio-Ecological Model as a framework, this qualitative study aimed to explore factors influencing uptake to an exercise …
Publication
PubMed ID30583761Published Date2019-02-01JournalMaturitas, 2019-02-01, Volume 120
Menopause involves hypoestrogenism, which is associated with numerous detrimental effects, including on respiratory health. Hormone replacement therapy (HRT) is often used to improve symptoms of menopause. The effects of HRT on lung function decline, hence lung ageing, have not yet been investigated despite the recognized effects of HRT on other health outcomes.The population-based multi-centre European Community Respiratory Health Survey provided complete data for 275 oral HRT users at two t…
Publication
PubMed ID30579224Published Date2019-02-01JournalJournal of forensic and legal medicine, 2019-02-01, Volume 61
Postmortem interval (PMI) estimations which are used as evidence in Dutch court are sometimes solely based on the experience of the forensic physician without a scientific background. The aim of this study was to investigate the degree of agreement between forensic physicians and their PMI estimations. Fifteen cases were selected from 1534 external postmortem investigations. Photographs of the human remains were presented to 89 forensic physicians in the Netherlands with the instruction to es…
Publication
PubMed ID30636071Published Date2019-01-12JournalJournal of paediatrics and child health, 2019-01-12
Abstract not available
Publication
PubMed ID30633716Published Date2019-01-11JournalAnnual review of public health, 2019-01-11
Mobile phones (MPs) are the most relevant source of radiofrequency electromagnetic field (RF-EMF) exposure to the brain and the salivary gland. Whether this exposure implies a cancer risk has been addressed in several case-control and few cohort studies. A meta-analysis of these studies does not show increased risks for meningioma, pituitary, and salivary gland tumors. For glioma and acoustic neuroma, the results are heterogeneous, with few case-control studies reporting substantially increas…
Publication
PubMed ID30633623Published Date2019-01-11JournalHuman vaccines & immunotherapeutics, 2019-01-11
Europe is increasingly described as the region in the world with the least confidence in vaccination, and particularly in the safety of vaccines. The aim of this systematic literature review was to gather and summarise all peer-reviewed and grey literature published about determinants of Human Papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine hesitancy in Europe. Ten thematic categories were identified across the 103 articles which were included in the review. Participants from European studies most commonly repo…
Publication
PubMed ID30634963Published Date2019-01-11JournalMalaria journal, 2019-01-11, Volume 18
Malaria cases and deaths decreased dramatically in recent years, largely due to effective vector control interventions. Persistence of transmission after good coverage has been achieved with high-quality vector control interventions, namely insecticide-treated nets or indoor residual spraying, poses a significant challenge to malaria elimination efforts. To understand when and where remaining transmission is occurring, it is necessary to look at vector and human behaviour, and where they over…
Publication
PubMed ID30629580Published Date2019-01-10JournalPLoS neglected tropical diseases, 2019-01-10, Volume 13
Plasmodium spp. and helminths are co-endemic in many parts of the tropics; hence, co-infection is a common phenomenon. Interactions between Plasmodium and helminth infections may alter the host's immune response and susceptibility and thus impact on morbidity. There is little information on the direction and magnitude of such interactions and results are conflicting. This study aimed at shedding new light on the potential interactions of Plasmodium and helminth co-infections on anemia and spl…
Publication
PubMed ID30630427Published Date2019-01-10JournalBMC infectious diseases, 2019-01-10, Volume 19
Urinary tract infection (UTIs) is a significant health problem in diabetic patients because of the multiple effects of this disease on the urinary tract and host immune system. Complicated UTIs occur most commonly in patients with abnormal genitourinary tract. Proper investigation and prompt treatment are needed to prevent morbidity and serious life threatening condition associated with UTI and diabetes co-morbidities.To determine common uropathogens and antibiotic susceptibility patterns wit…
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