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Publication
PubMed ID29803802Published Date2018-09-01JournalEnvironment international, 2018-09-01, Volume 118
Radiofrequency (RF) fields are widely used and, while it is still unknown whether children are more vulnerable to this type of exposure, it is essential to explore their level of exposure in order to conduct adequate epidemiological studies. Personal measurements provide individualized information, but they are costly in terms of time and resources, especially in large epidemiological studies. Other approaches, such as estimation of time-weighted averages (TWAs) based on spot measurements cou…
Publication
PubMed ID29797163Published Date2018-09-01JournalAIDS and behavior, 2018-09-01, Volume 22
While research increasingly studies how neighborhood contexts influence HIV among gay, bisexual and other men who have sex with men (MSM) populations, to date, no research has used global positioning system (GPS) devices, an innovative method to study spatial mobility through neighborhood contexts, i.e., the environmental riskscape, among a sample of Black MSM. The purpose of this study was to examine the feasibility of collecting two-week GPS data (as measured by a pre- and post-surveys as w…
Publication
PubMed ID29958977Published Date2018-09-01JournalMathematical biosciences, 2018-09-01, Volume 303
We adapt a population-based model of Opisthorchis viverrini transmission dynamics to determine the effectiveness of three different interventions. The model includes the definitive hosts, humans; the reservoir hosts, dogs and cats; and the intermediate hosts, snails and fish. We consider the interventions: education campaigns to reduce the consumption of raw or undercooked fish, improved sanitation and treatment through mass drug administration. We fit model parameters to a data set from two …
Publication
PubMed ID30089007Published Date2018-09-01JournalAmerican journal of public health, 2018-09-01, Volume 108
Abstract not available
Publication
PubMed ID29660716Published Date2018-09-01JournalThe Science of the total environment, 2018-09-01, Volume 635
Infectious disease transmission is frequently mediated by the environment, where people's movements through and interactions with the environment dictate risks of infection and/or illness. Capturing these interactions, and quantifying their importance, offers important insights into effective interventions. In this study, we capture high time-resolution activity data for twenty-five Vietnamese farmers during collection and land application of human excreta for agriculture. Although human excr…
Publication
PubMed ID29679754Published Date2018-09-01JournalThe Journal of steroid biochemistry and molecular biology, 2018-09-01, Volume 182
Epidemiologic evidence on the association between vitamin D and breast cancer is still inconclusive. This study analyzes the association between serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) and breast cancer risk by pathologic subtype, stage at diagnosis and specific breast cancer risk factors. We conducted a population-based multicase-control study where 546 histologically-confirmed breast cancer cases and 558 population controls, frequently matched by geographic area, age and body mass index, were r…
Publication
PubMed ID30086731Published Date2018-08-07JournalBMC public health, 2018-08-07, Volume 18
This study aimed to investigate the morbidity profile and the sociodemographic characteristics of unaccompanied refugee minors (URM) arriving in the region of Bavaria, Germany, between October 2014 and February 2016.The retrospective cross sectional study included 154 unaccompanied refugee minors between 10 and 18 years of age. The data was derived from medical data records of their routine first medical examination in two paediatric practices and one collective housing for refugees in the re…
Publication
PubMed ID30040885Published Date2018-08-07JournalJournal of chemical information and modeling, 2018-08-07
Wide spread Plasmodium falciparum ( P. falciparum) resistance has compromised existing antimalarial therapies to varying degrees. Novel agents, able to circumvent antimalarial drug resistance, are therefore needed. Fusidic acid is a unique antibiotic with a unique mode of action, which has shown weak in vitro antiplasmodial activity. Toward identifying new fusidic acid derivatives with superior antiplasmodial activity, a 3D-QSAR model was developed based on the antiplasmodial activity of prev…
Publication
PubMed ID29887322Published Date2018-08-06JournalVaccine, 2018-08-06, Volume 36
Although human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccines were initially licensed based on efficacy after three-dose regimens in women aged 15-26 years, it was recognized early in clinical development that comparable immunogenicity could be obtained after just two doses when administered to younger girls. In both Canada and Mexico, public health authorities made the decision to administer two doses 6 months apart with a planned additional dose at 60 months, while simultaneously doing further study to dete…
Publication
PubMed ID30081918Published Date2018-08-06JournalHealth research policy and systems, 2018-08-06, Volume 16
If there is one universal recommendation to countries wanting to make progress towards Universal Health Coverage (UHC), it is to develop the learning capacities that will enable them to 'find their own way' - this is especially true for countries struggling with fragmented health financing systems. This paper explores results from a multi-country study whose main aim was to assess the extent to which UHC systems and processes at country level operate as 'learning systems'.This study is part o…
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