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Publication
PubMed ID29112531Published Date2018-11-01JournalJournal of public health management and practice : JPHMP, 2018-11-01, Volume 24
Abstract not available
Publication
PubMed ID29608112Published Date2018-10-15JournalSubstance use & misuse, 2018-10-15, Volume 53
African Americans are generally known to have lower heavy drinking prevalence than Whites despite often greater individual and community risk factors. While it is supposed that their protective resources explain this "paradox," studies have not explicitly examined this.Assess the contribution of protective resources to Black-White differences in heavy drinking, and (secondarily) whether protective resources operate by reducing heavy drinking and/or increasing abstinence.Using data from the 20…
Publication
PubMed ID30006002Published Date2018-10-14JournalJournal of theoretical biology, 2018-10-14, Volume 455
Malaria and some other tropical diseases are currently targeted for elimination and eventually eradication. Since resources are limited, prioritisation of countries or areas for elimination is often necessary. However, this prioritisation is frequently conducted in an ad hoc manner. Lower transmission areas are usually targeted for elimination first, but for some areas this necessitates long and potentially expensive surveillance programs while transmission is eliminated from neighbouring hig…
Publication
PubMed ID29697879Published Date2018-10-01JournalAddiction (Abingdon, England), 2018-10-01, Volume 113
Chronic skin and soft tissue infections (SSTI) among people who inject drugs (PWID) can lead to AA amyloidosis: a serious, yet neglected, multi-organ disease. We aim to synthesize findings on the epidemiology, risk factors, clinical outcomes, screening recommendations and challenges to treatment for AA amyloidosis among PWID.A systematic review was conducted in accordance with the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA). We searched the following bibliograp…
Publication
PubMed ID29863291Published Date2018-10-01JournalHealth economics, 2018-10-01, Volume 27
This paper evaluates the causal effect of environmental tobacco exposure on health by exploiting the time and geographical variation in public-place smoking bans implemented in Switzerland between 2007 and 2011. We use administrative data on hospitalizations for acute myocardial infarction, which allow to measure the short-run effects of the policy on an objective metric of health. We show that the incidence of acute myocardial infarction decreases by approximately 8% immediately after implem…
Publication
PubMed ID30201828Published Date2018-10-01JournalThe British journal of general practice : the journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners, 2018-10-01, Volume 68
Subacute cough following a non-specific viral infection lasting 3-8 weeks is common. However, despite many treatment options there are no systematic reviews evaluating these.To provide a systematic overview of treatment options and outcomes evaluated in randomised clinical trials (RCTs).Systematic review and meta-analyses assessing the overall effects of any treatment for subacute cough.The authors systematically searched PubMed/MEDLINE and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (…
Publication
PubMed ID30038039Published Date2018-10-01JournalAntimicrobial agents and chemotherapy, 2018-10-01, Volume 62
Amodiaquine plus artesunate is the recommended antimalarial treatment in many countries where malaria is endemic. However, pediatric doses are largely based on a linear extrapolation from adult doses. We pooled data from previously published studies on the pharmacokinetics of amodiaquine, to optimize the dose across all age groups. Adults and children with uncomplicated malaria received daily weight-based doses of amodiaquine or artesunate-amodiaquine over 3 days. Plasma concentration-time pr…
Publication
PubMed ID29990954Published Date2018-10-01JournalEnvironment international, 2018-10-01, Volume 119
Epidemiologic evidence indicates common risk factors, including air pollution exposure, for respiratory and cardiovascular diseases, suggesting the involvement of common altered molecular pathways.The goal was to find intermediate metabolites or metabolic pathways that could be associated with both air pollutants and health outcomes ("meeting-in-the-middle"), thus shedding light on mechanisms and reinforcing causality.We applied a statistical approach named 'meet-in-the-middle' to untargeted …
Publication
PubMed ID30052975Published Date2018-10-01JournalThe Journal of antimicrobial chemotherapy, 2018-10-01, Volume 73
We evaluated whether dried blood spots (DBS) are suitable to monitor combined ART when samples are collected in rural Tanzania and transported over a long distance to a specialized bioanalytical laboratory.Plasma and DBS samples were collected in Tanzania from study patients treated with nevirapine, efavirenz or lopinavir. In addition, plasma, whole blood and DBS samples were obtained from a cohort of HIV patients at the site of the bioanalytical laboratory in Switzerland. DBS samples were an…
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