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University (29.9K)Research Institution (1.5K)Company (441)Hospital (211)Foundation (79)Other (64)organization (19)Investor (3)
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Publication
ID31280710Published Date2019-08-26JournalPhilosophical transactions. Series A, Mathematical, physical, and engineering sciences, 2019-08-26, Volume 377
Taking the model system of an oxide containing acceptor dopant cations and charge-compensating oxygen vacancies, we calculate at the continuum level the change in the excess grain-boundary energy of an ionic solid upon space-charge formation. Two different cases are considered for the space-charge layers: (i) only vacancies attain electrochemical equilibrium and (ii) both dopants and vacancies attain electrochemical equilibrium. The changes calculated for a specific set of grain boundaries in…
Publication
ID29700850Published Date2019-08-30JournalStatistics in medicine, 2019-08-30, Volume 38
In many countries, the monitoring of child growth does not occur in a regular manner, and instead, we may have to rely on sporadic observations that are subject to substantial measurement error. In these countries, it can be difficult to identify patterns of poor growth, and faltering children may miss out on essential health interventions. The contribution of this paper is to provide a framework for pooling together multiple datasets, thus allowing us to overcome the issue of sparse data and…
Research Grant
Award Number1856571Funding AgencyNational Science FoundationEffective Date2019-09-01Expiration Date2023-08-31Funding Amount$340,725
Recent years have seen an explosion of curiosity and interest in the microbial associates of humans, especially symbiotic associations with gut microbiota that convey benefits to human health. Such nutritional symbioses occur frequently across many different organisms, including primates, plants, and insects. This research will investigate the joint evolutionary history of a highly successful and diverse group of insects, carpenter ants and their relatives, and the bacteria Blochmannia. Carpe…
Research Grant
Award Number1845406Funding AgencyNational Science FoundationEffective Date2019-09-01Expiration Date2024-08-31Funding Amount$48,820
The need to visualize regions that are impossible to see with the naked eye is pervasive in everyday life. For example, in medicine, accurate visualization of tissue is needed to diagnose and treat tumors. A key step in imaging technologies requires one to solve an inverse problem in order to transform measured data into detailed image reconstructions of the quantities of interest. However, image reconstruction is inherently uncertain, in part, due to noisy measurements from sensors. Ignoring…
Publication
ID30600498Published Date2019-09-01JournalBiological trace element research, 2019-09-01, Volume 191
Our study aimed to evaluate whether zinc, copper, selenium, and manganese subcutaneous mineral application (trace elements) reduced mortality, improved performance, and modulated oxidant and antioxidant balance in lamb meat, thereby improving its quality. We divided the 110 newborn Lacaune lambs into two groups: non-treated (control), and treated (application of minerals) with three doses of 0.33 mL/kg of body weight mineral complex on days of life 1, 30, and 60. All animals were weighed on d…
Publication
IDIEEE:8386437Published Date2019-09-01JournalIEEE Transactions on Cybernetics, 2019-09-01, Volume 49
Common spatial pattern (CSP)-based spatial filtering has been most popularly applied to electroencephalogram (EEG) feature extraction for motor imagery (MI) classification in brain–computer interface (BCI) application. The effectiveness of CSP is highly affected by the frequency band and time window of EEG segments. Although numerous algorithms have been designed to optimize the spectral bands of CSP, most of them selected the time window in a heuristic way. This is likely to result in a subo…
Publication
ID31280902Published Date2019-09-01JournalThe Veterinary clinics of North America. Small animal practice, 2019-09-01, Volume 49
Molecular diagnostics have revolutionized human oncology to allow early detection, targeted therapy, monitoring throughout treatment, and evidence of recurrence. By identifying genetic signatures associated with cancers, liquid biopsy techniques have been developed to diagnose and monitor cancer in noninvasive or minimally invasive ways. These techniques offer new opportunities for improving cancer screening, diagnosis, and monitoring the impact of therapy on the patients over time. Liquid bi…
Research Grant
Award Number1933297Funding AgencyNational Science FoundationEffective Date2019-09-01Expiration Date2022-08-31Funding Amount$195,374
Nontechnical: Terahertz technologies hold great promise for future computing and communications. Energy-efficient and miniaturized THz sources using light-weight, low-cost, and robust materials are a long sought goal. Few materials, however, possess the attributes needed to realize working devices. Metal halide perovskites with reduced dimensionality are a new class of semiconductors with great promise for such applications. They can be inexpensively synthesized and solution processed, h…
Publication
ID31253427Published Date2019-09-01JournalThe Veterinary clinics of North America. Small animal practice, 2019-09-01, Volume 49
Stereotactic radiotherapy (SRT) involves the precise delivery of highly conformal, dose-intense radiation to well-demarcated tumors. Special equipment and expertise are needed, and a unique biological mechanism distinguishes SRT from other forms of external beam radiotherapy. Families find the convenient schedules and minimal acute toxicity of SRT appealing. Common indications in veterinary oncology include nasal, brain, and bone tumors. Many other solid tumors can also be treated, including …
Publication
ID30657028Published Date2019-09-01JournalGlobal public health, 2019-09-01, Volume 14
Despite the increased availability of improved water sources globally, enteric illnesses remain a source of significant morbidity and mortality. While the MDGs goal for safe water, i.e. improved sources, was met, substantial numbers of people still rely on unimproved sources for at least some of their water needs and contamination can occur between the source and consumption. Reviews and meta-analyses point to the need for better understanding of the cultural context for (HWT) technologies. Q…
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Research Grants: 5,840
Publications: 19,516
Patents: 1,883
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