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Publication
IDDOI:10.1177/1475725719877590Published Date2020-07-01JournalPsychology Learning & Teaching, 2020-07-01, Volume 19
When people interpret the outcome of a research study, do they consider other relevant information such as prior research? In the current study, 251 college graduates read a single brief fictitious news article. The article summarized the findings of a study that found positive results for a new drug. Three versions of the article varied the amount and type of previous research: (a) two prior studies that found the drug did not work, (b) no prior studies of the drug, or (c) two prior studies …
Publication
ID32303867Published Date2020-04-18JournalAnimal cognition, 2020-04-18
The easy-to-hard effect in perceptual learning shows that training with easier examples can facilitate initially difficult or impossible distinctions between very similar stimuli. This effect has been reported in humans and other species. We tested whether easy-to-hard training could facilitate visual discrimination in common goldfish (Carassius auratus). Fish (n = 6) performed a two-alternative forced choice discrimination task, which consisted of simultaneously presenting two striped patter…
Publication
IDDOI:10.33642/ijbass.v6n3p2Published Date2020-03-31JournalInternational Journal of Business and Applied Social Science, 2020-03-31
China’s One Belt and One Road initiative is meaningful in building new types of international relations. China and Russia share similarities in their histories of development, industrial structures, and geographical locations, which are instrumental in building the China-Russia Free Trade Zone. However, the existing structure of the merchandise trade between the two countries lacks variety. Additionally, the protectionist trade policy creates barriers to the set-up of the China-Russia Free Tr…
Publication
IDDOI:10.2308/jmar-52559Published Date2020-03-01JournalJournal of Management Accounting Research, 2020-03-01, Volume 32
ABSTRACT Firms often evaluate subordinate performance relative to a difficult but attainable goal set at the beginning of the evaluation period. For many, a mechanism exists by which these goals may be adjusted downward at the end of the period to account for an uncontrollable negative event. We examine, experimentally, how the knowledge that a downward ex post discretionary goal adjustment is possible affects subordinates' expectancy of reward and performance in periods where a negative unco…
Publication
IDDOI:10.1177/0093854819874090Published Date2020-01-01JournalCriminal Justice and Behavior, 2020-01-01, Volume 47
The current work explores the direct and interaction effects of age, race, ethnicity, and gender disparity on sentence lengths, considering differences between jail and prison sanctions. The liberation hypothesis suggests that increased judicial discretion in cases involving less serious crimes results in greater extralegal disparity; however, this prediction may not be consistent with how sentencing guidelines structure discretion. Drawing on 7 years of data (2004-2010) from the Pennsylvania…
Publication
IDDOI:10.36646/mjlr.53.2.worldPublished Date2020-01-01JournalUniversity of Michigan Journal of Law Reform, 2020-01-01
First, we discuss the background of the development of counsel adequacy in death penalty cases. Next, we look carefully at Strickland, and the subsequent Supreme Court cases that appear—on the surface—to bolster it in this context. We then consider multiple jurisprudential filters that we believe must be taken seriously if this area of the law is to be given any authentic meaning. Next, we will examine and interpret the data that we have developed. Finally, we will look at this entire area of…
Publication
ID31243721Published Date2019-12-01JournalPsychonomic bulletin & review, 2019-12-01, Volume 26
Starting perceptual training at easy levels before progressing to difficult levels generally produces better learning outcomes than constantly difficult training does. However, little is known about how "easy" these initial levels should be in order to yield easy-to-hard effects. We compared five levels of initial training block difficulty varying from very easy to hard in two auditory-discrimination learning tasks-a frequency modulation rate discrimination (Experiment 1) and a frequency rang…
Publication
IDDOI:10.1177/0013124518784651Published Date2019-12-01JournalEducation and Urban Society, 2019-12-01, Volume 51
Promise Neighborhoods attempt to replicate the Harlem Children’s Zone’s “cradle to college pipeline” model of coordinated and continuous child and family services for a single neighborhood. We analyze the 46 planning and 18 implementation grants to determine which factors these neighborhoods plan to address and compare these efforts with research on poverty and academic performance. We conclude that Promise Neighborhoods more frequently focus on in-school factors and often fail to address man…
Publication
ID31511300Published Date2019-11-01JournalGenetics, 2019-11-01, Volume 213
In meiosis, multiple different DNA sequence motifs help to position homologous recombination at hotspots in the genome. How do the seemingly disparate -acting regulatory modules each promote locally the activity of the basal recombination machinery? We defined molecular mechanisms of action for five different hotspot-activating DNA motifs (, , , , ) located independently at the same site within the locus of the fission yeast Each motif promoted meiotic recombination (, is active) within this …
Publication
IDDOI:10.1177/0021934719882579Published Date2019-10-01JournalJournal of Black Studies, 2019-10-01, Volume 50
This project explores how expressions of public memory that engage with Louis Armstrong reflect the “tensions and contestations” in the study of memory generally and consideration of his legacy specifically. Expressions of public memory as they relate to Armstrong, reflect a lack of understanding of the Black community’s struggle for freedom. Armstrong has been posited as a “racial figure.” In commemoration, he has been used as an exemplary model that signifies the dilution of racial identity…
We found 381 documents that match your Search
Research Grants: 28
Publications: 353

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