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Publication
ID31511300Published Date2019-11-01JournalGenetics, 2019-11-01, Volume 213
In meiosis, multiple different DNA sequence motifs help to position homologous recombination at hotspots in the genome. How do the seemingly disparate -acting regulatory modules each promote locally the activity of the basal recombination machinery? We defined molecular mechanisms of action for five different hotspot-activating DNA motifs (, , , , ) located independently at the same site within the locus of the fission yeast Each motif promoted meiotic recombination (, is active) within this …
Publication
ID31243721Published Date2019-06-26JournalPsychonomic bulletin & review, 2019-06-26
Starting perceptual training at easy levels before progressing to difficult levels generally produces better learning outcomes than constantly difficult training does. However, little is known about how "easy" these initial levels should be in order to yield easy-to-hard effects. We compared five levels of initial training block difficulty varying from very easy to hard in two auditory-discrimination learning tasks-a frequency modulation rate discrimination (Experiment 1) and a frequency rang…
Publication
ID31154899Published Date2019-06-03JournalSexual abuse : a journal of research and treatment, 2019-06-03
This study examines effects of court and community contextual factors on sentencing outcomes for individuals convicted of sexual crimes using indicators from two perspectives-focal concerns and populist punitiveness. Sourced from the Pennsylvania Commission on Sentencing, the sample includes 9,431 persons convicted of sexual crimes and a precision-matched sample of persons convicted of non-sexual violent crimes for comparison. Based on multilevel hurdle regression models for both incarceratio…
Publication
ID30858832Published Date2019-01-01JournalFrontiers in microbiology, 2019-01-01, Volume 10
Elemental sulfur (S) is produced and degraded by phylogenetically diverse groups of microorganisms. For , an anoxygenic phototroph, sulfide is oxidized to produce extracellular S globules, which can be further oxidized to sulfate. While some sulfur-oxidizing bacteria (e.g., ) are also capable of growth on commercial S as an electron donor, is not. Even colloidal sulfur sols, which appear indistinguishable from biogenic globules, do not support the growth of . Here, we investigate the properti…
Publication
IDIEEE:8567696Published Date2018-10-01Conference2018 IEEE/ACM Symposium on Edge Computing (SEC)
Malicious domain names have long been pervasive in the global DNS (Domain Name System) infrastructure and lend themselves to undesirable activities such as phishing or even DNS-based attacks like distributed denial-of-service (DDoS) and DNS rebinding. With the rise and explosive growth of the Internet of Things (IoT), adversaries are exploiting these devices which typically lack security measures to launch DNS-based attacks through malicious domain names. Typical countermeasures against such …
Publication
ID29286544Published Date2018-09-01JournalPhysiologia plantarum, 2018-09-01, Volume 164
The modification and degradation of lignin play a vital role in carbon cycling as well as production of biofuels and bioproducts. The possibility of using bacterial laccases for the oxidation of lignin offers a route to utilize existing industrial protein expression techniques. However, bacterial laccases are most frequently studied on small model compounds that do not capture the complexity of lignocellulosic materials. This work studied the action of laccases from Bacillus subtilis and Salm…
Publication
ID29318385Published Date2018-08-01JournalCurrent genetics, 2018-08-01, Volume 64
Complex biological processes are frequently regulated through networks comprised of multiple signaling pathways, transcription factors, and effector molecules. The identity of specific genes carrying out these functions is usually determined by single mutant genetic analysis. However, to understand how the individual genes/gene products function, it is necessary to determine how they interact with other components of the larger network; one approach to this is to use genetic interaction analy…
Publication
ID29117752Published Date2018-08-01JournalInternational journal of offender therapy and comparative criminology, 2018-08-01, Volume 62
The criminogenic needs of general offenders have been empirically studied, but the criminogenic treatment needs of intimate partner violence (IPV) offenders, or how they compare with other violent or nonviolent offenders, have not been as thoroughly explored. Therefore, we examined and compared the criminogenic and noncriminogenic needs of 99 IPV offenders, 233 non-IPV violent offenders, and 103 nonviolent offenders, all of whom were men who had undergone institutional forensic assessment. Re…
Publication
ID30167942Published Date2018-08-01JournalTheoretical medicine and bioethics, 2018-08-01, Volume 39
This paper presents an account of how human spontaneous embryonic chimeras are formed. On the prevalent view in the philosophical literature, it is said that chimeras are the product of two embryos that fuse to form a new third embryo. We call this version of fusion synthesis. In contrast to synthesis, we present an alternative mechanism for chimera formation called incorporation, wherein one embryo incorporates the cells of a second embryo into its body. We argue that the incorporation thesi…
Publication
ID29601425Published Date2018-05-01JournalProfessional case management, 2018-05-01, Volume 23
The specific aims of this descriptive study were to (1) examine the relationships between individual-level determinants of health using standard care admission assessments of residents admitted to a skilled nursing facility (SNF) and those residents readmitted to the hospital within 30 days from discharge from the same SNF; (2) identify and describe the risk factors of the residents readmitted to the hospital within 30 days; and (3) use the findings to inform and refine current practice to ta…
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