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Publication
ID31352223Published Date2019-07-25JournalCognition, 2019-07-25, Volume 192
Infants appear to progress from universal to language-specific event perception. In Japanese, two different verbs describe a person crossing a bounded ground (e.g., street) versus an unbounded ground (e.g., field) while in English, the same verb - crossing - describes both events. Interestingly, Japanese and English 14-month-old infants form categories of Japanese ground distinctions in nonlinguistic events while by 20 months, only Japanese-reared infants retain this ability. Five experiments…
Publication
ID30803465Published Date2019-07-01JournalJournal of child language, 2019-07-01, Volume 46
Several aspects of early language skills, including parent-report measures of vocabulary, phoneme discrimination, speech segmentation, and speed of lexical access predict later childhood language outcomes. To date, no studies have examined the long-term predictive validity of novel word learning. We examined whether individual differences in novel word learning at 21 months predict later childhood receptive vocabulary outcomes rather than generalized cognitive abilities. Twenty-eight 21-month…
Publication
ID30931971Published Date2019-04-01JournalScientific reports, 2019-04-01, Volume 9
Drugs of abuse, such as opiates, have been widely associated with enhancing HIV replication, accelerating disease progression and diminishing host-immune responses, thereby making it harder to effectively manage HIV infection. It is thus important to study the effects of drugs of abuse on HIV-infection and immune responses. Here, we develop mathematical models that incorporate the effects of morphine-altered antibody responses on HIV/SIV dynamics. Based on fitting the model to experimental da…
Publication
ID30888226Published Date2019-03-19JournalCrisis, 2019-03-19
Suicide is a major global issue; US college students may be at greater risk and faculty may play a crucial role in prevention.The primary purpose of the present study was to examine: the level of confidence of college/university faculty in identifying at-risk students, to what extent they believed that their actions might reduce suicide, and their knowledge and experiences of their school's policies regarding intervention with at-risk students.Data from 507 higher education faculty across the…
Publication
ID30611763Published Date2019-03-15JournalPhysiology & behavior, 2019-03-15, Volume 201
High altitude sojourn is broadly associated with impaired cognitive function, although there are inconsistencies within the literature. Incorporation of mathematical modeling to gain insight into latent aspects of decision-making may strengthen the ability to characterize changes in cognitive function during high altitude sojourn. This study sought to examine the effects of high altitude on cognitive function and underlying constructs of decision-making during an 11-d incremental ascent to 51…
Publication
ID30239165Published Date2019-02-01JournalPediatric obesity, 2019-02-01, Volume 14
Brain responses to both food and monetary rewards have been linked to weight gain and obesity in adults, suggesting that general sensitivity to reward contributes to overeating. However, the relationship between brain reward response and body weight in children is unclear.The objective of this study was to assess the brain's response to multiple rewards and the relationship to body weight in children.We tested this by performing functional magnetic resonance imaging while children (7- to 11-y…
Publication
ID30663516Published Date2019-01-21JournalJournal of motor behavior, 2019-01-21
Bridging the gap between innovative research and teaching is a fundamental necessity for physical education practitioners to promote motor skill development and competency. This requires practitioners to understand, synthesize, and appropriately apply relevant research from different academic domains in their instructional environments. Ballistic motor skills such as kicking, throwing, and striking are fundamentally integrated into many games and sports and provide a foundation for physical a…
Publication
ID30906257Published Date2019-01-01JournalFrontiers in aging neuroscience, 2019-01-01, Volume 11
Hypertension accelerates brain aging, resulting in cognitive dysfunction with advancing age. Exercise is widely recommended for adults with hypertension to attenuate cognitive dysfunction. Whether acute exercise benefits cognitive function in this at-risk population is unknown. The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of acute aerobic exercise on cognitive function in 30 middle-aged hypertensive (HTN) and 30 age, sex, and body mass index (BMI)-matched non-HTN adults (56 ± 6 years,…
Publication
ID31160927Published Date2019-01-01JournalJournal of microbiology & biology education, 2019-01-01, Volume 20
An authentic, hands-on experience in the laboratory is an important part of any undergraduate biology course. However, there are a limited number of mammalian virus systems that students can work with safely in an undergraduate teaching laboratory. For many systems, the risk to the students is too high. The influenza A virus M2 protein -complementation system bridges this gap. This system consists of a virus with mutations that prevent the expression of the essential M2 protein; therefore thi…
Publication
ID30518404Published Date2018-12-05JournalBMC research notes, 2018-12-05, Volume 11
The purpose of this project was to use an in vivo method to discover riboswitches that are activated by new ligands. We employed phage-assisted continuous evolution (PACE) to evolve new riboswitches in vivo. We started with one translational riboswitch and one transcriptional riboswitch, both of which were activated by theophylline. We used xanthine as the new target ligand during positive selection followed by negative selection using theophylline. The goal was to generate very large M13 pha…
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