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Research Grant
Award Number1933925Funding AgencyNational Science FoundationEffective Date2020-06-01Expiration Date2024-05-31Funding Amount$203,040
Soils provide critical ecosystem services that support agriculture, determine nutrient and carbon cycles, maintain clean air and water, and sustain biodiversity. These services are controlled by microorganisms, including bacteria and fungi. Plants can manipulate these microbial communities through the chemicals they release?root exudates?with subsequent consequences for soil functions. Characterizing root exudates and their relationships with other plant traits will improve understanding of p…
Publication
ID32424717Published Date2020-05-18JournalMicrobial ecology, 2020-05-18
Understanding the ecological processes that shape species assemblage patterns is central to community ecology. The effects of ecological processes on assemblage patterns are scale-dependent. We used metabarcoding and shotgun sequencing to determine bacterial taxonomic and functional assemblage patterns among varying defined focal scales (micro-, meso-, and macroscale) within the American alligator (Alligator mississippiensis) nesting microbiome. We correlate bacterial assemblage patterns amon…
Publication
ID32418026Published Date2020-05-16JournalNeuroradiology, 2020-05-16
While the presence of cerebellar tonsillar descent in radiological images has been used as evidence of Chiari malformation type I (CMI), tonsillar ectopia alone is insufficient to identify individuals with symptomatic CMI. This study sought to identify differences in brain morphology between symptomatic CMI and healthy controls in adult females.Two hundred and ten adult females with symptomatic CMI and 90 age- and body mass index-matched asymptomatic female controls were compared using seven …
Publication
IDDOI:10.1177/0092055x20922896Published Date2020-05-16JournalTeaching Sociology, 2020-05-16
This article analyzes the effectiveness of an activity we developed to help students better understand intersectionality. Intersectionality is an analytic concept that signifies ways that inequalities may overlap to create unique forms of privilege and subjugation. In the activity, students use assigned vignettes from the perspective of research participants in our own ethnographic data (including excerpts from interviews and field notes) to interact with peers assigned both similar and dissi…
Publication
IDDOI:10.21203/rs.3.rs-26816/v1Published Date2020-05-15
Abstract Background Fish gut microbial assemblages play a crucial role in the growth rate, metabolism, and immunity of the host. We hypothesized that the gut microbiota of rainbow trout was correlated with breeding program based genetic selection for muscle yield. To test this hypothesis, fecal samples from 19 fish representing an F2 high-muscle genetic line (ARS-FY-H) and 20 fish representing an F1 low-muscle yield genetic line (ARS-FY-L) were chosen for microbiota profiling using the 16srRN…
Publication
ID32437898Published Date2020-05-11JournalNeuroscience letters, 2020-05-11, Volume 730
Multiple lines of evidence implicate the serotonin (5-HT) system in social function, including biomarker findings in autism spectrum disorder. In mice, knock-in of a rare Gly56Ala substitution in the serotonin transporter (SERT) causes elevated whole blood 5-HT levels, increased 5-HT clearance in the brain, and altered social and repetitive behavior. To further examine the molecular impact of this variant on social response, SERT Ala56 mutant mice and wildtype littermate controls were exposed…
Publication
ID32374475Published Date2020-05-06JournalBiotechnology progress, 2020-05-06
Cell-penetrating peptides (CPPs) are short amino acid sequences known to act as a vehicle for enhancing the intracellular translocating efficiency of extracellular molecules. Although many groups have attempted to develop peptides with high cell-penetrating efficiencies, very few have demonstrated efficient cellular uptake of CPPs at low concentrations. Here, we describe a newly synthesized peptide derived from Arabidopsis, Ara-27, which exhibits significant improvement in cell-penetrating ef…
Publication
ID32377791Published Date2020-05-06JournalJournal of mathematical biology, 2020-05-06
The dynamics of an SIS epidemic patch model with asymmetric connectivity matrix is analyzed. It is shown that the basic reproduction number [Formula: see text] is strictly decreasing with respect to the dispersal rate of the infected individuals. When [Formula: see text], the model admits a unique endemic equilibrium, and its asymptotic profiles are characterized for small dispersal rates. Specifically, the endemic equilibrium converges to a limiting disease-free equilibrium as the dispersal …
Publication
ID31802185Published Date2020-05-01JournalMicrobial ecology, 2020-05-01, Volume 79
A multicellular host and its microbial communities are recognized as a metaorganism-a composite unit of evolution. Microbial communities have a variety of positive and negative effects on the host life history, ecology, and evolution. This study used high-throughput amplicon sequencing to characterize the complete skin and gut microbial communities, including both bacteria and fungi, of a terrestrial salamander, Plethodon glutinosus (Family Plethodontidae). We assessed salamander populations,…
Research Grant
Award Number1944974Funding AgencyNational Science FoundationEffective Date2020-05-01Expiration Date2025-04-30Funding Amount$196,111
NONTECHNICAL SUMMARYFunctional quantum materials, such as high temperature superconductors, colossal magnetoresistance materials, and dilute magnetic semiconductors, are at the forefront of condensed matter physics research. These materials are being actively explored for transformative technological applications, including efficient energy generation, storage, and transmission. Understanding the fundamental mechanisms behind the exotic phases of matter emerging in these quantum mat…
We found 1,927 documents that match your Search
Research Grants: 154
Publications: 1,749
Patents: 18
Clinical Trials: 1
Web Documents: 5

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