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Publication
IDDOI:10.1115/1.4046136Published Date2020-03-01JournalJournal of Heat Transfer, 2020-03-01, Volume 142
Abstract To understand the physics behind dropwise condensation, a microscopy technique must be able to measure a sub-nanometer film at a high temporal resolution (>1,000 FPS). In this work, automated Surface Plasmon Resonance imaging (SPRi) is used as a tool to study the existence of a thin film between the dropwise condensate. SPRi is a label-free imaging technique that works based on the attenuated total internal reflection. SPRi can detect changes in the refractive index (RI) of the te…
Publication
ID32005381Published Date2020-03-01JournalPlant science : an international journal of experimental plant biology, 2020-03-01, Volume 292
The AP2/ERF (APETALA2/ethylene-responsive factor) family of transcription factors (TF) is involved in regulating biotic and abiotic stress responses in plants. To explore the role of AP2/ERFs in cold tolerance in woody plants, BpERF13 was cloned and characterized in Betula platyphylla (white birch), a species primarily found in Asia in temperate and boreal climates. Based on phylogenetic analysis, BpERF13 is a member of the IXb subfamily of ERFs. Using qRT-PCR, we found that BpERF13 was diffe…
Publication
ID31686338Published Date2020-03-01JournalAmbio, 2020-03-01, Volume 49
Remote sensing can advance the work of the Circumpolar Biodiversity Monitoring Program through monitoring of satellite-derived terrestrial and marine physical and ecological variables. Standardized data facilitate an unbiased comparison across variables and environments. Using MODIS standard products of land surface temperature, percent snow covered area, NDVI, EVI, phenology, burned area, marine chlorophyll, CDOM, sea surface temperature, and marine primary productivity, significant trends w…
Publication
ID31955399Published Date2020-03-01JournalAmbio, 2020-03-01, Volume 49
This review provides a synopsis of the main findings of individual papers in the special issue Terrestrial Biodiversity in a Rapidly Changing Arctic. The special issue was developed to inform the State of the Arctic Terrestrial Biodiversity Report developed by the Circumpolar Biodiversity Monitoring Program (CBMP) of the Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna (CAFF), Arctic Council working group. Salient points about the status and trends of Arctic biodiversity and biodiversity monitoring are…
Publication
ID32041984Published Date2020-02-10JournalScientific reports, 2020-02-10, Volume 10
An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via a link at the top of the paper.
Publication
ID32044164Published Date2020-02-07JournalVaccine, 2020-02-07
Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) is a mosquito-borne virus associated with arthritis and musculoskeletal pains. More than 2.9 million people worldwide have been infected with the virus within the last 1.5 decades; currently, there are no approved vaccines to protect against CHIKV infection. To assess the potential of using CHIKV peptides as vaccine antigens, we multivalently displayed CHIKV peptides representing B-cell epitopes (amino acids 2800-2818, 3025-3058, 3073-3081, 3121-3146, and 3177-3210),…
Publication
ID32035447Published Date2020-02-07JournalThe Journal of chemical physics, 2020-02-07, Volume 152
Reactions on iron oxide surfaces are prevalent in various chemical processes from heterogeneous catalysts to minerals. Nitrogen (N) is known to dissociate on iron surfaces, a precursor for ammonia production in the Haber-Bosch process, where the dissociation of N is the limiting step in the reaction under equilibrium conditions. However, little is known about N adsorption on other iron-based materials, such as iron oxide surfaces that are ubiquitous in soils, steel pipelines, and other indust…
Publication
ID31865076Published Date2020-03-10JournalThe Science of the total environment, 2020-03-10, Volume 707
During a global catastrophe such as a nuclear winter, in which sunlight and temperatures are reduced across every latitude, to maintain global agricultural output it is necessary to grow some crops under structures. This study designs a method for scaling up crop production in low-tech greenhouses to contribute to global food sustainability during global catastrophic conditions. Constructing low-tech greenhouses would obviate growing crops using more expensive and energy intensive artificial …
Publication
ID31964848Published Date2020-02-04JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 2020-02-04, Volume 117
Determining the age of the geomagnetic field is of paramount importance for understanding the evolution of the planet because the field shields the atmosphere from erosion by the solar wind. The absence or presence of the geomagnetic field also provides a unique gauge of early core conditions. Evidence for a geomagnetic field 4.2 billion-year (Gy) old, just a few hundred million years after the lunar-forming giant impact, has come from paleomagnetic analyses of zircons of the Jack Hills (West…
Research Grant
Award Number1941309Funding AgencyNational Science FoundationEffective Date2020-02-01Expiration Date2025-01-31Funding Amount$190,394
Understanding the connections between an organism?s genes, their appearance, and their environment is key to both understanding how organisms, populations, and communities will respond to environmental changes and the challenges to preserving biodiversity. This research investigates how changes in soil nitrogen and phosphorus levels in areas with characteristically different temperature and moisture regimes alters the genetic and functional trait attributes of plants, their presence and perfo…
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Research Grants: 1,085
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