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Publication
ID32236732Published Date2020-06-01JournalDiabetologia, 2020-06-01, Volume 63
This study aimed to evaluate the effect of ertugliflozin, a sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitor, on eGFR and albuminuria (urine albumin/creatinine ratio [UACR]) vs glimepiride or placebo/glimepiride (non-ertugliflozin) over 104 weeks of treatment in participants with type 2 diabetes mellitus, using pooled data from two randomised controlled, active comparator studies from the eValuation of ERTugliflozin effIcacy and Safety (VERTIS) programme (Clinicaltrials.gov NCT01999218 [VERTI…
Publication
ID32003291Published Date2020-06-01JournalSLAS technology, 2020-06-01, Volume 25
G-protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) are modulated by many marketed drugs, and as such, they continue to be key targets for drug discovery and development. Many GPCR targets at Merck Research Laboratories (MRL) are profiled using homogenous time-resolved fluorescence (HTRF) inositol monophosphate (IP-1) cell-based functional assays using adherent cells in 384-well microplates. Due to discrepancies observed across several in vitro assays supporting lead optimization structure-activity relations…
Publication
ID32079442Published Date2020-06-01JournalActa oncologica (Stockholm, Sweden), 2020-06-01, Volume 59
Incidence of oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OPSCC) is rising rapidly in many western countries due to (HPV) and tobacco smoking, with a considerable overlap. Immunotherapy directed at the PD1/PD-L1 axis have shown promise in head and neck cancer and other cancer types. PD-L1 expression may indicate a poorer prognosis, and at the same time indicate a possible benefit of anti-PD-L1 immunotherapeutic agents. The primary aim of this study was to establish the prognostic effect of PD-L1 ex…
Publication
ID32173412Published Date2020-06-01JournalNeuroImage, 2020-06-01, Volume 213
Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) is a valuable tool for studying neural activations in the central nervous system of animals due to its wide spatial coverage and non-invasive nature. However, the advantages of fMRI have not been fully realized in functional studies in mice, especially in the olfactory system, possibly due to the lack of suitable anesthesia protocols with spontaneous breathing. Since mice are widely used in biomedical research, it is desirable to evaluate different…
Publication
ID32112825Published Date2020-06-01JournalJournal of pharmaceutical sciences, 2020-06-01, Volume 109
Controlling ice nucleation, at a fixed higher temperature, results in larger ice crystals, which can reduce the ice/freeze-concentrate interface area where proteins can adsorb and partially unfold. Moreover, limited work has been done to address any effects on short-term stability due to a slow ramp or long isothermal hold after the ice nucleation step. The objective was to evaluate the effect of the ice nucleation temperature and residence time in the freeze-concentrate on in-process or stor…
Publication
ID32282427Published Date2020-06-01JournalAnesthesiology, 2020-06-01, Volume 132
Five percent of adult patients undergoing noncardiac inpatient surgery experience a major pulmonary complication. The authors hypothesized that the choice of neuromuscular blockade reversal (neostigmine vs. sugammadex) may be associated with a lower incidence of major pulmonary complications.Twelve U.S. Multicenter Perioperative Outcomes Group hospitals were included in a multicenter observational matched-cohort study of surgical cases between January 2014 and August 2018. Adult patients unde…
Publication
ID31916609Published Date2020-06-01JournalMagnetic resonance in chemistry : MRC, 2020-06-01, Volume 58
Computer-assisted structure elucidation (CASE) is the class of expert systems that derives molecular structures primarily from one-dimensional and two-dimensional nuclear magnetic resonance data. Contemporary CASE systems, including Advanced Chemistry Development/Structure Elucidator (ACD/SE), consider cross-peaks in heteronuclear multiple bond coherence (HMBC) and correlation spectroscopy (COSY) spectra as two- or three-bond correlations by default. However, four and more bond correlations (…
Publication
ID31868916Published Date2020-06-01JournalClinical pharmacology and therapeutics, 2020-06-01, Volume 107
Fine-needle aspiration (FNA) for serial hepatic sampling may be an efficient and less invasive alternative to core needle biopsy (CNB), the current standard for liver tissue sampling. In this randomized, open-label trial in 31 participants with hepatitis C virus genotype 1 infection (NCT01678131/Merck protocol PN048), we evaluated the feasibility of using FNA to obtain human liver tissue samples appropriate for measuring hepatic pharmacokinetics (PK), using vaniprevir as a tool compound. The …
Clinical Trial
Clinical Trial IDNCT04274153Start Date2020-06-01Completion Date2022-09-01PhasePhase 4Study TypeInterventionalStatusNot yet recruiting
The human papillomavirus (HPV) is the most common sexually transmitted infection (STI) in the United States (U.S.) and is responsible for a wide range of conditions, including cancers within the anogenital tract and the oropharynx. In just the U.S. alone, it's estimated that HPV causes 330,000 cases of precancerous cervical dysplasia and 12,000 cases of cervical cancer. The investigators propose a 2-dose HPV vaccination study in women seeking postpartum care at Johns Hopkins University. The i…
Publication
ID32348786Published Date2020-06-01JournalToxicology, 2020-06-01, Volume 439
Drug-induced kidney injury (DIKI) is a frequent occurrence in nonclinical drug development. It is well established that novel urine kidney safety biomarkers will outperform urea nitrogen (BUN) and serum creatinine (sCr) for monitoring direct drug injury to the kidney across numerous compounds spanning diverse mechanisms and efforts are underway for a formal regulatory clinical qualification. However, it remains unclear how these novel biomarkers will perform under prerenal azotemia when BUN a…
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