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Publication
ID31420919Published Date2020-04-01JournalJournal of neuroscience research, 2020-04-01, Volume 98
The ventral prefrontal cortex (vPFC) is a major focus of investigation in neuroscience, particularly in the studies of emotion and emotion-cognition integration. A crucial question concerning the regulatory function of vPFC is how it is recruited, especially how the function maps onto the structure and determines appropriate behavior. In social exclusion studies, mediation model analyses suggest that vPFC regulates distress by disrupting anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) activities, whereas I r…
Publication
IDDOI:10.1139/cjfas-2018-0404Published Date2020-01-01JournalCanadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 2020-01-01, Volume 77
Accurate age estimates are critical for understanding life histories of fishes and developing management strategies for fish populations. However, validation of age estimates requires known-age fish, which are often lacking. We used known-age (ages 1–25) muskellunge (Esox masquinongy) to determine the precision and accuracy of age estimates from fin rays. We also determined whether fin location (anal or pelvic), fin ray number, and preparation methods affected accuracy and precision. Lastly, …
Publication
ID31535856Published Date2019-10-07JournalInorganic chemistry, 2019-10-07, Volume 58
Dinitrosyl iron complexes (DNICs) are ubiquitous in mammalian cells and tissues producing nitric oxide (NO) and have been argued to play key physiological and pathological roles. Nonetheless, the mechanism and dynamics of DNIC formation in aqueous media remain only partially understood. Here, we report a stopped-flow kinetics and density functional theory (DFT) investigation of the reaction of NO with ferrous ions and the low molecular weight thiols glutathione (GSH) and cysteine (CysSH) as w…
Publication
ID31059813Published Date2019-09-01JournalFish & shellfish immunology, 2019-09-01, Volume 92
Prophenoloxidase (proPO) is the zymogen form of phenoloxidase (PO), a key enzyme in melanization cascade that has been co-opted in invertebrate immune reactions. There have been reported that proPO plays many essential roles in the crustacean immune system. However, little is known about the function of proPO from red swamp crayfish (Procambarus clarkii) which is an important cultured species worldwide. Here, we cloned and expressed proPO gene from red swamp crayfish (PcproPO). Subsequently, …
Publication
ID31002844Published Date2019-09-01JournalDevelopmental and comparative immunology, 2019-09-01, Volume 98
Recombination-activating gene 2 (rag 2) allies with recombination-activating gene 1 (rag 1) and regulates the V(D)J recombination of immunoglobulin (Ig) and T-cell receptor (TCR) genes. Being a key player in the adaptive immune response of vertebrates, functional characterization of rag 2 from yellow catfish is beneficial for understanding the biological response towards the pathogens. In this report, we have cloned and characterized the rag 2 gene of yellow catfish, and a particular pattern …
Publication
ID31176008Published Date2019-09-01JournalFish & shellfish immunology, 2019-09-01, Volume 92
Cyclophilin A (CypA) is a ubiquitously expressed cellular protein and involves in diverse pathological conditions, including infection and inflammation. CypA acts as a key factor in the replication of several viruses. However, little is known about the role of CypA in the replication of the red-spotted grouper nervous necrosis virus (RGNNV). In the present report, grouper CypA (GF-CypA) was cloned from the grouper fin cell line (GF-1) derived from orange-spotted grouper (Epinephelus coioides)…
Publication
ID31176765Published Date2019-09-01JournalFish & shellfish immunology, 2019-09-01, Volume 92
Red blood cells (RBCs) are widely accepted as their primary function in respiration. Recent studies in mammals have revealed a vital role in immune responses of RBCs; however, little is known about immune function of teleost erythrocytes. Here we demonstrated that RBCs from grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella) were capable of binding and aggregating the bacteria with apparent morphological alterations. The phagocytosis by teleost RBCs (erythrophagocytosis) was visualized by confocal, scanning…
Publication
ID31408069Published Date2019-08-28JournalOrganic & biomolecular chemistry, 2019-08-28, Volume 17
A one-pot three-component tandem reaction involving a key Pictet-Spengler-like annulation step has been developed, providing an efficient method for the synthesis of 3,4-dihydroquinazolines in moderate to good yields from amides, aldehydes, and amines. The multicomponent triflic anhydride mediated reaction tolerates the installation of numerous functional groups, affording extensive diversity about the heterocyclic scaffold.
Publication
ID30952079Published Date2019-06-01JournalWater research, 2019-06-01, Volume 156
There is growing interest in the application of rapid quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) and other PCR-based methods for recreational water quality monitoring and management programs. This interest has strengthened given the publication of U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)-validated qPCR methods for enterococci fecal indicator bacteria (FIB) and has extended to similar methods for Escherichia coli (E. coli) FIB. Implementation of qPCR-based methods in monitoring programs c…
Publication
ID30953844Published Date2019-06-01JournalWater research, 2019-06-01, Volume 156
There is interest in the application of rapid quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) methods for recreational freshwater quality monitoring of the fecal indicator bacteria Escherichia coli (E. coli). In this study we determined the performance of 21 laboratories in meeting proposed, standardized data quality acceptance (QA) criteria and the variability of target gene copy estimates from these laboratories in analyses of 18 shared surface water samples by a draft qPCR method developed b…
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Research Grants: 34
Publications: 104

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