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ID31603459Published Date2020-02-07JournalAlcohol and alcoholism (Oxford, Oxfordshire), 2020-02-07, Volume 55
This study aims to explore the feasibility of using routine hospital discharge data, at the level of countries within Europe, to estimate the general population prevalence of alcohol dependence (AD).We utilised the European Core Health Indicators data tool to extract the annual rate of hospital discharges due to any wholly attributable alcohol condition as defined by the ICD-10. For those counties with data available, we systematically searched Medline, EMBASE, PsychINFO and Google for studie…
Publication
ID31984411Published Date2020-01-27JournalSoft matter, 2020-01-27
The fluidity of biological tissues - whether cells can change neighbors and rearrange - is important for their function. In traditional materials, researchers have used linear response functions, such as the shear modulus, to accurately predict whether a material will behave as a fluid. Similarly, in disordered 2D vertex models for confluent biological tissues, the shear modulus becomes zero precisely when the cells can change neighbors and the tissue fluidizes, at a critical value of control…
Publication
IDDOI:10.1177/2332649219901130Published Date2020-01-21JournalSociology of Race and Ethnicity, 2020-01-21
Homeschooling is an increasingly common schooling option for middle-class black families yet is often overlooked in research on race and education. Drawing on interviews with 67 middle-class black and white mothers living in one northeastern metropolitan area—half of whom homeschool, while the other half enroll their children in conventional school—the author examines how race influences mothers’ decisions to homeschool or conventional school. The findings show that mothers’ schooling explana…
Publication
ID31855571Published Date2019-12-18JournalJournal of perinatal medicine, 2019-12-18, Volume 48
Objective To assess lifestyle characteristics among parental electronic cigarette (e-cigarette), marijuana and tobacco users. Methods A total of 1214 parents (77% mothers and 23% fathers) were surveyed and categorized into five exposure groups: e-cigarette use only (1%), marijuana use only (3%), tobacco products only (10%), multi-exposed [11% (marijuana, e-cigarette and tobacco)], and non-users [75% (no e-cigarette, tobacco or marijuana)]. Results Similar to non-users, the e-cigarette group h…
Publication
IDDOI:10.1163/2451-8921-00404004Published Date2019-11-18JournalRussian Politics, 2019-11-18, Volume 4
Will Vladimir Putin’s penchant for staffing the state with siloviki undermine the prospects for democratization after he leaves office? The answer to this question hinges on whether Russian military and security officers currently possess a less liberal worldview than do civilian elites, yet little to no research has examined this question in close to a decade. In an effort to fill this gap in existing knowledge, this article investigates the orientations of influential Russians toward severa…
Publication
IDDOI:10.1177/0896920519837334Published Date2019-11-01JournalCritical Sociology, 2019-11-01, Volume 45
Far from enabling France to enhance its power over European monetary policy, the Euro has served to consolidate the Federal Republic of Germany’s primacy in Europe. We argue that German policies that have underwritten this primacy are determined not primarily by the ordoliberal ideas of German state managers, but rather because these ideas correspond to the requirements of Germany’s neo-mercantilist export model and the interests of its most powerful socio-economic actors. Germany’s material/…
Publication
IDDOI:10.1142/s0218196719500450Published Date2019-11-01JournalInternational Journal of Algebra and Computation, 2019-11-01, Volume 29
In the spirit of Boij–Söderberg theory, we introduce a recursive decomposition algorithm for the Betti diagram of a complete intersection using the diagram of a complete intersection defined by a subset of the original generators. This alternative algorithm is the main tool that we use to investigate stability and compatibility of the Boij–Söderberg decompositions of related diagrams; indeed, when the biggest generating degree is sufficiently large, the alternative algorithm produces the Boij…
Publication
IDDOI:10.1177/0022343319839449Published Date2019-11-01JournalJournal of Peace Research, 2019-11-01, Volume 56
Although just under half of all coup d’état attempts involve fatalities, there has been surprisingly little attention to the conditions under which coups turn violent. Existing research emphasizes the incentives coup plotters have to avoid bloodshed but does not explain the conditions under which violence nonetheless occurs. This article develops a theoretical framework that predicts that the extent of violence that occurs during coup attempts will vary systematically with central features of…
Publication
ID31378192Published Date2019-11-01JournalPsychiatric services (Washington, D.C.), 2019-11-01, Volume 70
This study investigated equity in enrollment in a Medicaid waiver program for early intensive behavioral intervention for children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD).State administrative, Medicaid, and U.S. Census data for children enrolled in the waiver program between 2007 and 2015 (N=2,111) were integrated. Multivariate and bivariate analyses were used to compare enrollees' neighborhood demographic characteristics with those of the state's general population, with controls for enrollees' …
Publication
ID31559436Published Date2019-11-01JournalIntegrative and comparative biology, 2019-11-01, Volume 59
The immune system is the primary barrier to parasite infection, replication, and transmission following exposure, and variation in immunity can accordingly manifest in heterogeneity in traits that govern population-level infectious disease dynamics. While much work in ecoimmunology has focused on individual-level determinants of host immune defense (e.g., reproductive status and body condition), an ongoing challenge remains to understand the broader evolutionary and ecological contexts of thi…
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