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Publication
ID31446074Published Date2019-12-05JournalJournal of ethnopharmacology, 2019-12-05, Volume 245
Malaria is one of the most prevalent and deadly parasitic diseases globally, with over 200 million new cases and nearly 500,000 deaths reported annually. It is estimated that approximately half of the world's population lives in malaria endemic areas. Malaria is substantially less prevalent in South Africa than in other African regions and the disease is limited to some regions of the Limpopo, Mpumalanga and KwaZulu-Natal provinces. However, it still has a significant impact on the health of …
Publication
ID31264239Published Date2019-12-01JournalCommunity dentistry and oral epidemiology, 2019-12-01, Volume 47
To analyse trends in dental pain prevalence among Brazilian adolescent students over 6 years, focusing on inequalities by maternal education.Data from the National Adolescent School-Based Health Survey (PeNSE) carried out in 2009 (n = 45 239), 2012 (n = 46 482) and 2015 (n = 35 592) were analysed, including ninth grade students from the 27 state capitals in Brazil who were of ages 11-17 years or older. Variables analysed were dental pain within the last 6 months (yes/no) and the following soc…
Publication
ID31525606Published Date2019-12-01JournalMidwifery, 2019-12-01, Volume 79
To determine the incidence of immediate, uninterrupted skin-to-skin contact and breastfeeding after birth; and which factors are associated with it.Cross-sectional e-survey was developed and piloted prior to distribution. Sampling was purposive and included snowball sampling. Associations between maternity care practices and the primary outcome measure were examined using logistic regression.Australia.Women who birthed a term baby within the previous three years, in any Australian setting (ho…
Publication
ID31388852Published Date2019-12-01JournalAIDS and behavior, 2019-12-01, Volume 23
Despite the life-preserving benefits of antiretroviral therapy (ART), some people living with HIV (PLHIV) delay, decline or diverge from recommended treatment while paradoxically being willing to use potentially dangerous substances, such as recreational drugs (RD) and complementary medicines (CM). During 2016 and 2017, interviews were conducted with 40 PLHIV, in Australia to understand drivers underpinning treatment decisions. While many believed ART to be effective, they expressed concerns …
Publication
ID31512943Published Date2019-12-01JournalExpert opinion on drug discovery, 2019-12-01, Volume 14
: Fragment-based drug discovery can identify relatively simple compounds with low binding affinity due to fewer binding interactions with protein targets. FBDD reduces the library size and provides simpler starting points for subsequent chemical optimization of initial hits. A much greater proportion of chemical space can be sampled in fragment-based screening compared to larger molecules with typical molecular weights (MWs) of 250-500 g mol used in high-throughput screening (HTS) libraries. …
Publication
ID31522110Published Date2019-12-01JournalEvaluation and program planning, 2019-12-01, Volume 77
A framework for assessing photographs for the emotional and social health of young people (SHAPE) is described and tested, within the context of a rural program. Two independent raters assessed the photographs of participants. To assess inter-rater reliability, Cohen' K and Kendall's W were calculated. The two reviewers' assessments of photographs were in agreement. The assessment of emotional/behavioural display showed 82% agreement. Agreement between reviewers' judgements of proxemics (W = …
Publication
IDIEEE:8736045Published Date2019-12-01JournalIEEE Transactions on Image Processing, 2019-12-01, Volume 28
Effectively describing and recognizing leaf shapes under arbitrary variations, particularly from a large database, remains an unsolved problem. In this research, we attempted a new strategy of describing leaf shapes by walking and measuring along a bunch of chords that pass through the shape. A novel chord bunch walks (CBW) descriptor is developed through the chord walking behavior that effectively integrates the shape image function over the walked chord to reflect both the contour features …
Publication
ID31473405Published Date2019-12-01JournalMidwifery, 2019-12-01, Volume 79
The overall study aim was to explore the relationship between the emotional wellbeing of UK midwives and their work environment. Specific research questions were to: assess levels of burnout, depression, anxiety and stress experienced by UK midwives; compare levels of burnout, depression, anxiety and stress identified in this sample of UK midwives, with levels reported in Australia, New Zealand and Sweden; identify demographic and work-related factors associated with elevated levels of burnou…
Publication
ID31536893Published Date2019-12-01JournalEuropean journal of medicinal chemistry, 2019-12-01, Volume 183
Hypoxanthine-guanine-xanthine phosphoribosyltransferase (HGXPRT) is a recognized target for antimalarial chemotherapeutics. It synthesises all of the 6-oxopurine nucleoside monophosphates, IMP, GMP and XMP needed by the malarial parasite, Plasmodium falciparum (Pf). PfHGXPRT is also indirectly responsible for the synthesis of the adenosine monophosphate, AMP. The acyclic nucleoside phosphonates (ANPs) are a class of PfHGXPRT inhibitors. Prodrugs of these compounds are able to arrest the growt…
Publication
ID31408554Published Date2019-12-01JournalJournal of clinical nursing, 2019-12-01, Volume 28
To examine the needs, barriers and challenges experienced by family carers of people with dementia concerning the management of their care recipients' functional disabilities, and their experiences and opinions of using mobile health (mHealth) applications in health information seeking.Functional disability is a significant problem among people with dementia and management can be challenging for family carers. Evidence suggests that mHealth applications can support knowledge needs of patients…
We found 11,191 documents that match your Search
Research Grants: 14
Publications: 11,082
Patents: 69
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