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Publication
ID32420552Published Date2020-07-07JournalThe Analyst, 2020-07-07, Volume 145
Analysis of drugs in hair by mass spectrometry imaging (MSI) has great potential as an objective, long-term measure of medication adherence. However, the fidelity of the chemical record in hair may be compromised by any cosmetic hair treatments. Here, we investigate infrared matrix-assisted laser desorption electrospray ionization (IR-MALDESI) MSI response to multiple antiretrovirals (ARVs) in cosmetically treated hair. Hair strands from patients on different ARV regimens were mechanically tr…
Publication
ID32329475Published Date2020-06-24JournalMetallomics : integrated biometal science, 2020-06-24, Volume 12
Like platinum-based chemotherapeutics, the anticancer ruthenium complex indazolium trans-[tetrachlorobis(1H-indazole)ruthenate(iii)], or KP1019, damages DNA, induces apoptosis, and causes tumor regression in animal models. Unlike platinum-based drugs, KP1019 showed no dose-limiting toxicity in a phase I clinical trial. Despite these advances, the mechanism(s) and target(s) of KP1019 remain unclear. For example, the drug may damage DNA directly or by causing oxidative stress. Likewise, KP1019 …
Publication
ID32562248Published Date2020-06-19JournalMemory & cognition, 2020-06-19
Prior research has demonstrated that Americans massively overestimate how much their home state has contributed to US history. Why does such collective overclaiming occur? We argue that although self-serving biases undoubtedly influence overclaiming, non-motivated factors, such as a failure to consider the contributions of other states, also play a large role in overclaiming effects. In the current studies, subjects read descriptions of territories within a fictitious country and evaluated ho…
Publication
ID32557667Published Date2020-06-17JournalThe Journal of school health, 2020-06-17
In Spartanburg County, SC, nearly 33.7% of children are overweight or obese. The purpose of this study was to investigate differences in eating behavior of youth by race/ethnicity and socioeconomic status.Students (N = 997) in 4th to 5th grades completed the School Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey. School databases categorized students as either White or racial/ethnic minority and free/reduced or full paid lunch status. Dietary behaviors included 13 composite measures: unhealthy protein…
Publication
ID32542762Published Date2020-06-16JournalThe Journal of school health, 2020-06-16
The purpose of the study was to examine the associations among cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF), weight status and academic achievement in youth, and to determine if these relationships are moderated by poverty status.The sample included 5th (N = 27,791) and 8th grade (N = 16,047) South Carolina students. Academic achievement was assessed using a state-wide assessment and classified into 2 categories (ie, does not meet/approaches standards vs meets/exceeds standards). CRF was assessed and expr…
Publication
ID32537779Published Date2020-06-15JournalConservation biology : the journal of the Society for Conservation Biology, 2020-06-15
Collisions with buildings cause up to 1 billion bird fatalities annually in North America. Bird-building collisions have recently received increased conservation, research, and policy attention. However, efforts to reduce collisions would benefit from studies conducted at large spatial scales across multiple study sites, with standardized methods, and with consideration of species- and life history-related variation and correlates of collisions. We addressed these research needs with a coordi…
Publication
ID32555021Published Date2020-06-15JournalMedicine and science in sports and exercise, 2020-06-15
This study (i) investigates the effect of recovery power (Prec) and duration (trec) on the recovery of the curvature constant (W') of the power-duration relationship, (ii) compares the experimentally measured W' balance to that predicted (W'bal) by two models (SK2 and BAR), and (iii) presents a case of real-time performance optimization using the critical power (CP) concept.Seven competitive amateur cyclists performed a ramp test to determine their V[Combining Dot Above]O2peak and Gas exchang…
Publication
ID32530383Published Date2020-06-12JournalJournal of cognitive neuroscience, 2020-06-12
Moments of inattention to our surroundings may be essential to optimal cognitive functioning. Here,we investigated the hypothesis that humans spontaneously switch between two opposing attentional states during wakefulness-one in which we attend to the external environment (an "online" state) and one in which we disengage from the sensory environment to focus our attention internally (an "offline" state). We created a data-driven model of this proposed alternation between "online" and "offline…
Publication
ID32520869Published Date2020-06-08JournalMedicine and science in sports and exercise, 2020-06-08
Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are associated with adverse cardiovascular outcomes and reportedly overused in American-style football (ASF). However, assessment of ASF NSAID use in the context of cardiovascular risk has not been performed. We sought to characterize NSAID use patterns and the association with cardiovascular risk in a diverse cohort of high school and collegiate ASF athletes.226 ASF athletes, 60 endurance athletes, and 63 non-athletic controls were studied pre- …
Publication
IDDOI:10.7554/elife.58874Published Date2020-06-08JournaleLife, 2020-06-08, Volume 9
Deep inside the temporal lobe of the brain, the hippocampus has a central role in our ability to remember, imagine and dream.
We found 911 documents that match your Search
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