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Publication
ID31270906Published Date2020-03-01JournalAddiction biology, 2020-03-01, Volume 25
The level of response (LR) to alcohol as measured with the Self-Report of the Effects of Alcohol Retrospective Questionnaire (SRE) evaluates the number of standard drinks usually required for up to four effects. The need for a higher number of drinks for effects is genetically influenced and predicts higher risks for heavy drinking and alcohol problems. We conducted genome-wide association study (GWAS) in the African-American (COGA-AA, N = 1527 from 309 families) and European-American (COGA-E…
Publication
ID30393861Published Date2019-04-01JournalThe Journal of comparative neurology, 2019-04-01, Volume 527
The ventral tegmental area (VTA) is a heterogeneous midbrain structure that contains dopamine (DA), GABA, and glutamate neurons that project to many different brain regions. Here, we combined retrograde tracing with immunocytochemistry against tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) or glutamate decarboxylase (GAD) to systematically compare the proportion of dopaminergic and GABAergic VTA projections to 10 target nuclei: anterior cingulate, prelimbic, and infralimbic cortex; nucleus accumbens core, medial …
Publication
ID29198469Published Date2018-08-01JournalBiological psychiatry, 2018-08-01, Volume 84
Despite the high cost and widespread prevalence of alcohol use disorders, treatment options are limited, underscoring the need for new, effective medications. Previous results using protein kinase C epsilon (PKCε) knockout mice, RNA interference against PKCε, and peptide inhibitors of PKCε predict that small-molecule inhibitors of PKCε should reduce alcohol consumption in humans.We designed a new class of PKCε inhibitors based on the Rho-associated protein kinase (ROCK) inhibitor Y-27632. In …
Publication
ID27565749Published Date2016-08-01JournalAlcohol (Fayetteville, N.Y.), 2016-08-01, Volume 54
The rise in marketing and mass consumption of energy drink products by adolescents poses a largely unknown risk on adolescent development and drug reward. Yet, with increasing reports of acute health issues present in young adults who ingest large quantities of energy drinks alone or in combination with alcohol, the need to elucidate these potential risks is pressing. Energy drinks contain high levels of caffeine and sucrose; therefore, exposure to energy drinks may lead to changes in drug-re…
Publication
ID26947945Published Date2016-08-01JournalNeuropharmacology, 2016-08-01, Volume 107
Reducing expression or inhibiting translocation of protein kinase C epsilon (PKCε) prolongs ethanol intoxication and decreases ethanol consumption in mice. However, we do not know if this phenotype is due to reduced PKCε kinase activity or to impairment of kinase-independent functions. In this study, we used a chemical-genetic strategy to determine whether a potent and highly selective inhibitor of PKCε catalytic activity reduces ethanol consumption. We generated ATP analog-specific PKCε (AS-…
Patent
Publication NumberUS 9376423Filing StatusIssued PatentAvailabilityLicensableFiling Date2014-07-01Publication Date2016-06-28
The present invention relates to new AGC kinase inhibitors, in particular to compounds of Formula I or II or a stereoisomer, tautomer, racemic, metabolite, pro- or pre-drug, salt, hydrate, or solvate thereof, wherein Ar, Cy, R1, R3, p and n have the meaning defined in the claims. In particular, the present invention relates to more specifically AGC kinases inhibitors, compositions, in particular pharmaceuticals, comprising such inhibitors, and to uses of such inhibitors in the treatment and p…
Publication
ID27170122Published Date2016-05-11JournalThe Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience, 2016-05-11, Volume 36
Acute ethanol inebriation causes neuroadaptive changes in behavior that favor increased intake. Ethanol-induced alterations in gene expression, through epigenetic and other means, are likely to change cellular and neural circuit function. Ethanol markedly changes histone acetylation, and the sirtuin Sir2/SIRT1 that deacetylates histones and transcription factors is essential for the rewarding effects of long-term drug use. The molecular transformations leading from short-term to long-term eth…
Publication
ID26997280Published Date2016-03-29JournalCell reports, 2016-03-29, Volume 14
Kappa opioid receptors (KORs) are involved in a variety of aversive behavioral states, including anxiety. To date, a circuit-based mechanism for KOR-driven anxiety has not been described. Here, we show that activation of KORs inhibits glutamate release from basolateral amygdala (BLA) inputs to the bed nucleus of the stria terminalis (BNST) and occludes the anxiolytic phenotype seen with optogenetic activation of BLA-BNST projections. In addition, deletion of KORs from amygdala neurons results…
Publication
ID26066577Published Date2015-10-01JournalNeuropharmacology, 2015-10-01, Volume 97
Environmental stress and deprivation increase vulnerability to substance use disorders in humans and promote drug-seeking behavior in animal models. In contrast, experiences of mastery and stability may shape neural circuitry in ways that build resilience to future challenges. Cognitive training offers a potential intervention for reducing vulnerability in the face of environmental stress or deprivation. Here, we test the hypothesis that brief cognitive training can promote long-term resilien…
Publication
ID26103136Published Date2015-09-01JournalBritish journal of pharmacology, 2015-09-01, Volume 172
Nicotinic (ACh) receptor recovery from desensitization is modulated by PKC, but the PKC isozymes and the phosphorylation sites involved have not been identified. We investigated whether PKCε phosphorylation of α4β2 nAChRs regulates receptor recovery from desensitization.Receptor recovery from desensitization was investigated by electrophysiological characterization of human α4β2 nAChRs. Phosphorylation of the α4 nAChR subunit was assessed by immunoblotting of mouse synaptosomes. Hypothermia i…
We found 785 documents that match your Search
Research Grants: 387
Publications: 390
Patents: 7
Clinical Trials: 1

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