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ID31770186Published Date2020-01-01JournalThe Journal of ambulatory care management, 2020-01-01, Volume 43
Because of their shared backgrounds, community health workers' (CHWs) care of patients/program participants (PAPAs) is assumed to be acceptable, and often not evaluated empirically. Using PRISMA guidelines, we reviewed 9560 articles from 5 databases, selected 37 articles for full-text review, and developed a 5-dimensional depth analysis (focus, context, meaning, range, and voices) to characterize quality/quantity of PAPA feedback. Depth analyses clarified a spectrum of PAPA responses from ext…
Publication
ID31504707Published Date2019-11-22JournalJournal of radiation research, 2019-11-22, Volume 60
This study examines the ability of arabinoxylan rice bran (MGN-3/Biobran) to enhance the anti-cancer effects of fractionated X-ray irradiation of Ehrlich solid tumor-bearing mice. Swiss albino mice bearing tumors were exposed to the following: (i) Biobran treatment (40 mg/kg/day, intraperitoneal injections) beginning on day 11 post-tumor cell inoculation until day 30; (ii) ionizing radiation (Rad) 2 Gy at three consecutive doses on days 12, 14 and 16; or (iii) Biobran + Rad. Final tumor weigh…
Publication
ID31747918Published Date2019-11-20JournalBMC nephrology, 2019-11-20, Volume 20
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a global public health problem, exhibiting sharp increases in incidence, prevalence, and attributable morbidity and mortality. There is a critical need to better understand the demographics, clinical characteristics, and key risk factors for CKD; and to develop platforms for testing novel interventions to improve modifiable risk factors, particularly for the CKD patients with a rapid decline in kidney function.We describe a novel collaboration between two large…
Publication
ID31696216Published Date2019-11-15JournalClinical science (London, England : 1979), 2019-11-15, Volume 133
Excessive glucocorticoid (GC) production in adipose tissue promotes the development of visceral obesity and metabolic syndrome (MS). 11β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 (11β-HSD1) is critical for controlling intracellular GC production, and this process is tightly regulated by hexose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (H6PDH). To better understand the integrated molecular physiological effects of adipose H6PDH, we created a tissue-specific knockout of the H6PDH gene mouse model in adipocytes (adip…
Publication
IDDOI:10.1042/cs20190679Published Date2019-11-15JournalClinical Science, 2019-11-15, Volume 133
Abstract Excessive glucocorticoid (GC) production in adipose tissue promotes the development of visceral obesity and metabolic syndrome (MS). 11β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 (11β-HSD1) is critical for controlling intracellular GC production, and this process is tightly regulated by hexose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (H6PDH). To better understand the integrated molecular physiological effects of adipose H6PDH, we created a tissue-specific knockout of the H6PDH gene mouse model in adipocy…
Publication
ID31722245Published Date2019-11-10JournalAnnals of vascular surgery, 2019-11-10
Superficialization, the second stage of a two-stage brachio-basilic arteriovenous fistula (BB-AVF), can be performed under local (LA), regional (RA), or general anesthesia (GA). Given the numerous comorbidities in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD), our preference is to use RA or LA when feasible. Our goal was to review the success rate of RA and LA, need for conversion to GA, and cardiac morbidity and mortality for BB-AVF superficialization.We performed a retrospective cohort analy…
Publication
ID31755951Published Date2019-11-01JournalJAMA network open, 2019-11-01, Volume 2
The concept of minorities' diminished returns refers to the smaller protective effects of educational attainment for racial and ethnic minority groups compared with those for majority groups.To explore racial and ethnic differences in the associations between parental educational attainment and youth outcomes among US adolescents.A cross-sectional study was performed of 10 619 youth aged 12 to 17 years who were participants at wave 1 of the Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health (PATH) s…
Publication
ID31708608Published Date2019-11-01JournalJournal of orthopaedics, 2019-11-01, Volume 16
There are different treatments as well as controversies surrounding the adequate treatment for Distal Radius Fractures (DRF). In the absence of enough evidence[HYPHEN]base data regarding clinical effectiveness of available treatments, cost should be considered as an essential factor in selecting the surgical technique for DRF treatment. The goal of this study is introducing an improved and modified pin[HYPHEN]and[HYPHEN]plaster (MP&P) technique as an affordable alternative for treatment of DR…
Publication
ID31511234Published Date2019-11-01JournalDiabetes care, 2019-11-01, Volume 42
African Americans (AA) suffer disproportionately from diabetic nephropathy (DN). C-reactive protein (CRP) has been associated with prevalent DN, but its association with incident DN in AA is unknown. We examined hs-CRP and incident DN in AA.We conducted a longitudinal analysis of data from exams 1, 2, and 3 in 4,043 eligible Jackson Heart Study (JHS) participants. Participants with DN or without hs-CRP at exam 1 were excluded. Incident DN was defined as urinary albumin-to-creatinine ratio (AC…
Publication
ID31543408Published Date2019-11-01JournalJournal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 2019-11-01, Volume 58
Greater than 60% of youths in the juvenile justice system have a diagnosable mental health disorder, with substance use-related and addictive disorders being among the most common mental health disorders. Research studies have shown that family-based interventions targeting substance use-related and addictive disorders have two to nine times greater effect sizes compared with individual-based interventions. Family-based interventions, most notably, functional family therapy, multidimensional …
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