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University (128)Research Institution (5)Hospital (3)Foundation (2)
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Publication
IDarXiv:1907.05383Published Date2019-07-11
Astrophysics lies at the crossroads of big datasets (such as the Large Synoptic Survey Telescope and Gaia), open source software to visualize and interpret high dimensional datasets (such as Glue, WorldWide Telescope, and OpenSpace), and uniquely skilled software engineers who bridge data science and research fields. At the same time, more than 4,000 planetariums across the globe immerse millions of visitors in scientific data. We have identified the potential for critical synergy across data…
Publication
ID31228578Published Date2019-06-19JournalInternational journal of surgery (London, England), 2019-06-19
Surgical outcomes study for individual nations remains important because of international differences in patterns of surgical disease. We aimed to contribute to data on post-operative complications, critical care admissions and mortality following elective surgery in Nigeria and also validate the African Surgical Outcomes Study (ASOS) surgical risk calculator in our adult patient cohort.We conducted a 7-day, national prospective observational cohort study in consented consecutive patients und…
Publication
ID31050865Published Date2019-06-01JournalBJOG : an international journal of obstetrics and gynaecology, 2019-06-01, Volume 126 Suppl 3
To investigate the burden of maternal near-miss and death due to rupture of the gravid uterus, the indicators of quality of care, and avoidable factors associated with care deficiencies for ruptured uterus in Nigerian tertiary hospitals.Secondary analysis of a nationwide cross-sectional study.Forty-two tertiary hospitals.Women admitted for pregnancy, childbirth or puerperal complications.Cases of severe maternal outcome [SMO: maternal near-miss (MNM) or maternal death (MD)] following uterine …
Publication
ID31193005Published Date2019-05-01JournalHeliyon, 2019-05-01, Volume 5
Television is an electronic communication system that is capable of transmitting, processing and receiving information by wireless medium. This work is aimed at investigating the performance of selected pathloss models for wireless communication. In this work, two TV stations were considered for investigation. The work presents a field measurement conducted at 645.00 MHz (station 1) and 698.00 MHz (station 2) in Abuja. The measurement were taken for each TV station with a handheld RF field st…
Publication
ID30738263Published Date2019-05-01JournalThe Science of the total environment, 2019-05-01, Volume 663
The Sundarbans, in southern coastal Bangladesh, is the world's largest surviving mangrove habitat and the last stronghold of tiger adapted to living in a mangrove ecosystem. Using MaxEnt (maximum entropy modeling), current distribution data, land-use/land cover and bioclimatic variables, we modeled the likely future distribution of the globally endangered Bengal tiger (Panthera tigris tigris) in the Bangladesh Sundarbans. We used two climatic scenarios (i.e., RCP6.0 and RCP8.5) developed by t…
Publication
ID30879432Published Date2019-04-01JournalStroke, 2019-04-01, Volume 50
Background and Purpose- The interplay between sex and the dominant risk factors for stroke occurrence in sub-Saharan Africa has not been clearly delineated. We compared the effect sizes of risk factors of stroke by sex among West Africans. Methods- SIREN study (Stroke Investigative Research and Educational Networks) is a case-control study conducted at 15 sites in Ghana and Nigeria. Cases were adults aged >18 years with computerized tomography/magnetic resonance imaging confirmed stroke, and …
Publication
ID30679287Published Date2019-01-24JournalBMJ open, 2019-01-24, Volume 9
This study was conducted to assess the concentration of air pollutants at charcoal sites, the dose-response relationship between site-based exposure levels to air pollutants and prevalence of respiratory symptoms among charcoal workers, and the measures these workers employ to safeguard their health.Cross-sectional but comparative design SETTING: Charcoal production kiln sites in Sapele, Delta State, Nigeria.Overall 296 charcoal workers and age-matched, sex-matched and height-matched non-expo…
Publication
ID30683660Published Date2019-01-24JournalBMJ case reports, 2019-01-24, Volume 12
Penetrating injuries can lead to multiple retained foreign bodies. To present a case of a penetrating stab injury on to the right orbital region of a 37-year-old woman which resulted in lacerations on both eyelids, loss of vision in addition to the retention of glass particle and woven artificial hair strands at the anterior end of the floor of the orbit. The woven artificial hair strand, being flexible in nature, was apparently logged in by the penetrating force of the broken glass used as t…
Publication
ID30466877Published Date2019-01-01JournalSocial science research, 2019-01-01, Volume 77
While rich literature exists on black-white earnings disparity, few studies differentiate the separate challenges facing different socioeconomic segments of the black population. Based on the Panel Study of Income Dynamics (PSID), this study explores the evolvement of black-white inequality in early-career earnings separately among college-educated and non-college-educated Americans from 1968 to 2015. The results indicate that while college-educated African Americans underwent fluctuating pro…
Publication
ID30040054Published Date2019-01-01JournalInternational journal of stroke : official journal of the International Stroke Society, 2019-01-01, Volume 14
It is crucial to assess genomic literacy related to stroke among Africans in preparation for the ethical, legal and societal implications of the genetic revolution which has begun in Africa.To assess the knowledge, attitudes and practices (KAP) of West Africans about stroke genetic studies.A comparative cross-sectional study was conducted among stroke patients and stroke-free controls recruited across 15 sites in Ghana and Nigeria. Participants' knowledge of heritability of stroke, willingnes…
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