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IDDOI:10.1155/2020/7607834Published Date2020-02-07JournalAIDS Research and Treatment, 2020-02-07, Volume 2020
The syndromic diagnosis of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) is widely recognized as the most practical, feasible, and cost-effective diagnostic tool in resource-limited settings. This study assessed the diagnostic accuracy of syndromic versus laboratory testing of STIs among 794 men randomly selected from the Moshi district of Tanzania. Participants were interviewed with a questionnaire that included questions on history of STIs symptoms. Blood and urine samples were taken from the part…
Publication
IDDOI:10.1177/0731121419862233Published Date2020-02-01JournalSociological Perspectives, 2020-02-01, Volume 63
This study engages theories of economic freedom and neoliberalism as alternative ways of understanding workers’ perceived job and labor market insecurity. The results of hierarchical ordered logit and linear models of multiple rounds/waves of European Social Survey and European Working Conditions Survey data between 2002 and 2016 reveal some support for one hypothesis derived from each set of theories in basic models: As theories of economic freedom anticipate, the levels of worker insecurity…
Publication
ID31991034Published Date2020-01-28JournalJournal of evolutionary biology, 2020-01-28
Successful reproduction depends on interactions between numerous proteins beyond those involved directly in gamete fusion. Although such reproductive proteins evolve in response to sexual selection pressures, how networks of interacting proteins arise and evolve as reproductive phenotypes change remains an open question. Here, we investigated the molecular evolution of the 'sex peptide network' of Drosophila melanogaster, a functionally well-characterized reproductive protein network. In this…
Publication
ID31898067Published Date2020-01-02JournalAttention, perception & psychophysics, 2020-01-02
We recently showed that motion dynamics greatly enhance the magnitude of certain size contrast illusions, such as the Ebbinghaus and Delboeuf illusions. Here, we extend our study of the effect of motion dynamics on size illusions through a novel dynamic corridor illusion, in which a single target translates along a corridor background. Across three psychophysical experiments, we quantify the effects of stimulus dynamics on the Ebbinghaus and corridor illusions across different viewing conditi…
Publication
ID31990930Published Date2020-01-01JournalPloS one, 2020-01-01, Volume 15
Zimbabwe is scaling up HIV differentiated service delivery (DSD) to improve treatment outcomes and health system efficiencies. Shifting stable patients into less-intensive DSD models is a high priority in order to accommodate the large numbers of newly-diagnosed people living with HIV (PLHIV) needing treatment and to provide healthcare workers with the time and space needed to treat people with advanced HIV disease. DSD is also seen as a way to improve service quality and enhance retention in…
Publication
ID31448650Published Date2020-01-01JournalSubstance use & misuse, 2020-01-01, Volume 55
As marijuana legalization progresses in the U.S., this study investigated the perceptions of marijuana use among non-college-educated young adult smokers. Twelve focus groups were conducted to explore themes related to marijuana and marijuana use among a racially and ethnically diverse sample of 75 young adult smokers (ages 18-29 years) with
Publication
ID31736234Published Date2020-01-01JournalMolecular reproduction and development, 2020-01-01, Volume 87
Molecular Reproduction and Development is delighted to announce that editorial board member Mariana F. Wolfner has been elected to the National Academy of Sciences. Here, Dr Wolfner is interviewed by two of her former postdocs. She discusses her path to studying reproduction and her career as a researcher and mentor.
Publication
IDDOI:10.1093/geroni/igz038.2377Published Date2019-11-08JournalInnovation in Aging, 2019-11-08, Volume 3
Abstract This study aims to identify the changes in individuals’ religious beliefs after receiving a cancer diagnosis. Open-ended religious development interviews were completed with 278 older adults (aged 55 to 102) in the northeast United States. Of these 278, 16 of the interviewees had received a cancer diagnosis within the previous two years. These older adults who report a cancer diagnosis describe few changes in their overall religiousness. On the contrary, these individuals describe lo…
Publication
IDDOI:10.1093/geroni/igz038.485Published Date2019-11-08JournalInnovation in Aging, 2019-11-08, Volume 3
Abstract The Manitoba Follow-up Study is in its 71st year of continuous operation. Since 1948, 3,983 aircrew recruits to the Royal Canadian Air Force during the Second World War have submitted routine medical examinations and completed questionnaires. On May 1, 2006, 1001 of these men (25%) were alive mean age of 86 years. The effects of 7 chronic diseases (CDs) diagnosed before 2006 were modeled with multinomial logistic regression to predict the pattern of decline of living and dying throug…
Publication
IDDOI:10.1093/geroni/igz038.1933Published Date2019-11-08JournalInnovation in Aging, 2019-11-08, Volume 3
Abstract This study examines gender differences in a causal model of religious motivation, religious participation and depression. Using a random sample of 287 community-dwelling older adults living in Worcester, MA, the model hypothesizes that motivations for religious involvement (intrinsic vs. extrinsic) differentially predict religious participation (organizational and non-organizational) as well as depression at both initial and 12-month assessments. In this model, participation also med…
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