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Publication
ID31286794Published Date2020-04-01JournalAssessment, 2020-04-01, Volume 27
The Big Five Inventory-2 (BFI-2) is a recently published 60-item questionnaire that measures personality traits within the five-factor model framework. An important aspect of the BFI-2 is that it measures the traits at both the domain and facet levels and also controls acquiescence bias via the balanced number of true- and false-keyed items across the domains and facets. The current research evaluates factorial measurement invariance of a Russian version of the BFI-2 across sex and age within…
Publication
IDDOI:10.1177/1555458920910771Published Date2020-03-19JournalJournal of Cases in Educational Leadership, 2020-03-19
Trauma-informed school practices require enactment of trauma-informed principles including prioritizing students’ physical and psychological safety, connection, cultural responsiveness, and student empowerment. These principles frequently challenge teachers’ preexisting beliefs about rules, consequences, and the intention behind student behaviors. In this case, an early career principal must address the actions of several teachers who chose to reinstate a previously existing seclusion room th…
Publication
ID32188857Published Date2020-03-18JournalNature communications, 2020-03-18, Volume 11
The current model for the end-Permian terrestrial ecosystem crisis holds that systematic loss exhibited by an abrupt turnover from the Daptocephalus to the Lystrosaurus Assemblage Zone (AZ; Karoo Basin, South Africa) is time equivalent with the marine Permian-Triassic boundary (PTB). The marine event began at 251.941 ± 0.037 Ma, with the PTB placed at 251.902 ± 0.024 Ma (2σ). Radio-isotopic dates over this interval in the Karoo Basin were limited to one high resolution ash-fall deposit in the…
Publication
ID32186258Published Date2020-03-18JournalThe Journal of genetic psychology, 2020-03-18
The ability to recall the temporal order of events develops much more slowly than the ability to recall facts about events. To explore what processes facilitate memory for temporal information, we tested 3- to 6-year-old children ( = 40) for immediate memory of the temporal order of events from a storybook, using a visual timeline task and a yes/no recognition task. In addition, children completed tasks assessing their understanding of and and the executive functions of inhibition using the D…
Publication
IDDOI:10.1093/jleo/ewaa002Published Date2020-03-14JournalThe Journal of Law, Economics, and Organization, 2020-03-14
Abstract Civil disputes feature parties with biased incentives acquiring evidence with costly effort. Evidence may then be revealed at trial or concealed to persuade a judge or jury. Using a persuasion game, we examine how a litigant’s risk preferences influence evidence acquisition incentives. We find that high risk aversion depresses equilibrium evidence acquisition. We then study the problem of designing legal rules to balance good decision making against the costs of acquisition. We chara…
Publication
ID32172505Published Date2020-03-14JournalCognitive research: principles and implications, 2020-03-14, Volume 5
Social media content is well-remembered, possibly because of its personal relevance and gossipy nature. It is unclear whether the mnemonic advantage of social media extends to a population less familiar with these platforms and whether knowing the content is from social media sources influences memory. This study examined how the presentation of news-like content in social media affected both item and source memory across two age groups. Younger adults (n = 42) and older adults (n = 32) studi…
Publication
ID32133863Published Date2020-03-12JournalThe Journal of organic chemistry, 2020-03-12
A tandem acetylene-activated SAr-anionic cyclization strategy is presented for the synthesis of chalcogen-containing hetero[5]helicenes. Oxa-, thia-, and selena[5]helicenes are accessed from common -fluoro-ethynylarene precursors, allowing the heteroatoms to be installed at the 1-position or 1- and 12-positions of the hetero[5]helicene inner core surface.
Publication
ID32171559Published Date2020-03-11JournalThe Journal of pediatrics, 2020-03-11
To assess which risk factors are associated with community-associated Clostridioides difficile infection (CDI) in children.This case control study was a retrospective review of all children 1-17 years of age with stool specimens sent for C difficile testing from January 1, 2012, to December 31, 2016. Cases and controls were children who had C difficile testing performed in the community or first 48 hours of hospital admission and >12 weeks after hospital discharge, with no prior positive C di…
Publication
ID32138538Published Date2020-03-05JournalAnxiety, stress, and coping, 2020-03-05
Having a stress-is-enhancing mindset - the extent to which one believes the effects of stress are enhancing rather than debilitating - is associated with greater health and well-being, and may mitigate negative outcomes associated with experiencing stress. The present study aimed to examine stress mindset and whether it moderates the association between perceived stress and mental health outcomes. Participants (= 293) completed questionnaires assessing their stress mindset, perceived stress l…
Publication
IDDOI:10.1177/1532673x19852370Published Date2020-03-01JournalAmerican Politics Research, 2020-03-01, Volume 48
Well established in the literature is that social context, like the racial or partisan composition of neighborhoods, affects individual political behavior. Less understood is how the design of neighborhoods may also influence these behaviors. This article seeks to improve how physical context is measured and to examine how the built environment subsequently affects individual political participation. Using a nationally representative survey with measures of the frequency of neighbor interacti…
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