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Research Grant
Award Number2033739Funding AgencyNational Science FoundationEffective Date2020-06-15Expiration Date2021-11-30Funding Amount$89,237
Effective response to the COVID-19 pandemic depends on linguistic and cultural factors as well as social and economic ones. This is a special concern for indigenous and immigrant communities for whom information about the pandemic and important health actions may not match their language or health practices. Given the dangers of the pandemic and the importance of appropriate information sharing, the project aims to answer an overarching question: What can be done to increase understanding in …
Publication
ID32493154Published Date2020-06-04JournalQualitative health research, 2020-06-04
Based on the culture-centered approach, we examine the meanings of health and negotiations of health care structures among low socioeconomic status (SES) Bangladeshi male migrant workers in the United Arab Emirates (UAE). We engage in coconstructive problem definition and strategizing through 44 semistructured in-depth interviews/focus groups about health, migration, and well-being. Our analysis of the participants' narratives elucidates the intersectionality of health as a lived experience o…
Publication
IDDOI:10.1177/0013161x20926548Published Date2020-06-01JournalEducational Administration Quarterly, 2020-06-01
Purpose: This study provides cross-country evidence regarding the extent to which distributed leadership operates in schools globally and offers preliminary insights about country education policies that explain the reported distributed leadership results. The researchers also investigate the relationship between principals’ reports of distributed leadership and teachers’ reports of the school culture, demonstrating the alignment of principal and teacher perspectives of distributed leadership…
Publication
IDDOI:10.14305/jn.19440413.2020.12.2.02Published Date2020-06-01JournalExcelsior: Leadership in Teaching and Learning, 2020-06-01, Volume 12
In this article, we present findings from our qualitative, self-study research on the development and implementation of two course assignments (community asset maps and oral histories) designed to support practicing teachers’ praxis in working with English learner (EL) students within the context of family and community engagement. Providing an example of how English to Speakers of Other Languages (ESOL) teacher praxis might be developed, findings are framed by our Community Asset Inquiry mod…
Publication
IDDOI:10.1093/cdn/nzaa043_013Published Date2020-06-01JournalCurrent Developments in Nutrition, 2020-06-01, Volume 4
Abstract Objectives Food insecurity (FI) is higher among Latinos than non-Hispanic Whites and associated with risk for type 2 diabetes (T2D). Autonomic nervous system (ANS) dysfunction increases mortality in diabetes. We examined FI and ANS function among Latinos with T2D. Methods Participants were drawn from the CALMS-D (Community Health Workers Assisting Latinos Manage Stress and Diabetes) stress management intervention trial. Inclusion: age 18 years, Latino or Hispanic, Spanish speaking, a…
Publication
ID32020671Published Date2020-04-30JournalStatistics in medicine, 2020-04-30, Volume 39
We present here a study of ordinal outcomes with a cumulative probability model. In particular, we consider the log link with the assumption of proportionality. The logit link is currently the most widely used link with ordinal outcomes in the health research literature. With the logit link, one obtains regression coefficients that are functions of odds. When the log link is used, one obtains regression coefficients that are functions of probabilities. While odds might be preferred with certa…
Publication
ID32323573Published Date2020-04-23JournalHealth communication, 2020-04-23
Increasingly, health scholars are paying attention to the health experiences of immigrant communities, particularly in the backdrop of the global flows of goods, services, and people across borders. In spite of the increasing public health emphasis on health outcomes of immigrants within the Middle Eastern (ME) countries, immigrant communities are often constructed as monoliths and the voices of immigrant communities are traditionally absent from mainstream health policy and program discourse…
Publication
IDDOI:10.1177/0018726720915966Published Date2020-04-15JournalHuman Relations, 2020-04-15
How do macro social forces shape the career profiles of organizational leaders? The aim of the article is to answer this question by examining how institutional and ecological forces have influenced the careers of law school deans in the US from the late 19th century to the present. Specifically, we focus on the coexistence of two social forces—professionalization and the diversity of an organizational population. On the one hand, we view professionalization as a converging institutional forc…
Publication
IDCSHL:2020.04.10.035964Published Date2020-04-11JournalbioRxiv, 2020-04-11
In this study, we analyzed full-length SARS-CoV-2 genomes from multiple countries to determine early trends in the evolutionary dynamics of the novel COVID-19 pandemic. Results indicated SARS-CoV-2 evolved early into at least three phylogenetic groups, characterized by positive selection at specific residues of the accessory proteins OFR3a and ORF8a. We also report evidence of epistatic interactions among sites in the genome that may be important in the generation of variants adapted to human…
Publication
ID32265085Published Date2020-04-04JournalThe Journal of adolescent health : official publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine, 2020-04-04
The aim of the study was to establish whether suboptimal self-management explains the relationship between stressful life events and hemoglobin A1c (HbA) in adolescents with type 1 diabetes and whether these relationships differ across race/ethnicity.Participants were 6,368 adolescents enrolled in the U.S. T1D Exchange registry. The outcome, HbA was chart-based; predictors and covariates were self-reported. Moderated mediation was tested using Mplus, adjusting for gender, age, insulin treatme…
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Research Grants: 82
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