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Research Grant
Award Number1943583Funding AgencyNational Science FoundationEffective Date2020-06-01Expiration Date2025-05-31Funding Amount$467,099
Two major challenges in plant sciences are to understand the mechanisms leading to the decline in plant growth during drought and pinpoint traits that enable some plants to be more drought resistant than others. Identifying these traits can help inform crop breeders in the development of drought tolerant crops. Research addressing these challenges is needed for grasses, which dominate about 40% of terrestrial surfaces and include some of the most important crops, such as cereals and forage gr…
Publication
ID32432950Published Date2020-05-20JournalJournal of medical economics, 2020-05-20
Prescription drug prices in the United States are considered extreme. Americans spend over $460 billion on drugs annually, or almost 17 percent of total national healthcare spending. How innovation incentives and insurance coverage interact with drug pricing, diffusion, and utilization, under conditions of risk and competition, are multi-dimensional issues in medical economics that remain under-explored in the current literature. We seek to address them in reviewing relevant studies presented…
Publication
ID32447236Published Date2020-05-19JournalAddictive behaviors, 2020-05-19, Volume 108
With opioid abuse becoming a nationwide epidemic, it is important to understand what is contributing to societal views of opioid dependence. Difference in stigmatization of drug users may exist between sexes, ages and type of drugs being used. Social perceptions may impact drug use and recovery. To assess which opioid users are stigmatized most, we administered an experimenter-created vignette that experimentally manipulated the type of opioid (Prescribed Vicodin vs. Non-prescribed Vicodin vs…
Publication
ID31956996Published Date2020-05-01JournalAmerican journal of physical anthropology, 2020-05-01, Volume 171 Suppl 70
Syphilis was perceived to be a new disease in Europe in the late 15th century, igniting a debate about its origin that continues today in anthropological, historical, and medical circles. We move beyond this age-old debate using an interdisciplinary approach that tackles broader questions to advance the understanding of treponemal infection (syphilis, yaws, bejel, and pinta). How did the causative organism(s) and humans co-evolve? How did the related diseases caused by Treponema pallidum emer…
Research Grant
Project Number5R25GM049001-20Funding AgencyNational Institutes of HealthEffective Date2020-05-01Expiration Date2021-04-30Funding Amount$182,694
California State University, Los Angeles proposes to continue its partnership with East Los Angeles College, Pasadena City College, and Los Angeles City College to further test that the growth into excellence as a PhD student can have its roots in the freshman and sophomore experience at community college; that the skills and habits of mind necessary for graduate school- and biomedical research career success begin in the lower-division undergraduate years, then nurtured and developed progres…
Publication
ID31776561Published Date2020-04-30JournalJournal of analytical toxicology, 2020-04-30, Volume 44
Gamma-hydroxybutyrate (GHB) is a naturally occurring molecule present in the human body as a catabolite of the neurotransmitter gamma-aminobutyrate (GABA). In the USA, GHB has a history of being manufactured illicitly and abused, with misguided proposed benefits for the body-building community and a persistent party drug with reported GHB overdoses occurring worldwide. The interpretation of GHB in postmortem biological fluids is complicated by the endogenous nature of the molecule. Analysis o…
Publication
ID32340072Published Date2020-04-27JournalEcological applications : a publication of the Ecological Society of America, 2020-04-27
Street trees are public resources planted in a municipality's right-of-way and are a considerable component of urban forests throughout the world. Street trees provide numerous benefits to people. However, many metropolitan areas have a poor understanding of the value of street trees to wildlife, which presents a gap in our knowledge of conservation in urban ecosystems. Greater Los Angeles (LA) is a global city harboring one of the most diverse and extensive urban forests on the planet. The v…
Research Grant
Award Number1945878Funding AgencyNational Science FoundationEffective Date2020-08-01Expiration Date2025-07-31Funding Amount$66,162
This project will address an important and long-standing knowledge gap by exploring the functional relevance of rudimentary locomotor structures in birds. Over a 500-million-year history, animals have invaded dramatically different environments, acquiring new body plans and modes of locomotion. Theory can explain how these body plans work in their fully developed states, but if structures evolve slowly, through incremental, adaptive (beneficial) stages, how do organisms acquire new and comple…
Publication
ID32043741Published Date2020-04-01JournalEcology letters, 2020-04-01, Volume 23
Decades of research suggest that species richness depends on spatial characteristics of habitat patches, especially their size and isolation. In contrast, the habitat amount hypothesis predicts that (1) species richness in plots of fixed size (species density) is more strongly and positively related to the amount of habitat around the plot than to patch size or isolation; (2) habitat amount better predicts species density than patch size and isolation combined, (3) there is no effect of habit…
Research Grant
Project Number5R25GM054939-18Funding AgencyNational Institutes of HealthEffective Date2020-04-01Expiration Date2021-03-31Funding Amount$262,380
The Los Angeles basin is home to millions of African Americans, Latinos, American Indians and Pacific Islanders, but few are enrolled in graduate programs leading to the Ph.D. in the broad range of biomedical sciences. This under-participation in the nation's biomedical research enterprise represents the loss of a large talent pool that has not been applied towards the solution of the Nation's many biomedical problems. As a partial solution to this situation, four institutions in the Los Ange…
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Research Grants: 1,206
Publications: 254

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