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ID32037086Published Date2020-04-16JournalBiochemical and biophysical research communications, 2020-04-16, Volume 524
Chromatin organization starts from a "beads-on-a string" 10 nm fiber, a basic nucleosomal structure consisting of DNA and core histones. Given its regular nucleosome array on DNA backbone where N-terminal tails of each histone are exposed on the surface of chromatin fiber, we hypothesized that chromatin can be utilized as a heterologous peptide carrier to elicit a peptide-specific immune response. The plasmid DNA containing the Widom's clone 601 sequence and the recombinant chimeric histones …
Publication
ID32156362Published Date2020-04-01JournalFood research international (Ottawa, Ont.), 2020-04-01, Volume 130
The regiodistribution of fatty acids (FAs) in triacylglycerols (TAGs) is highly correlated to the digestion and absorption of dietary fats. During in vitro gastric digestion, medium-long-medium/short chain triacylglycerols (MLM) showed the fastest digestibility among 105 TAG molecular species, for both raw and homogenised milk, resulting from the higher activity of gastric lipase towards medium-chain fatty acids (MCFAs) than towards long-chain fatty acids (LCFAs). After 60 min of in vitro gas…
Publication
ID31816518Published Date2020-04-01JournalMeat science, 2020-04-01, Volume 162
This study compares a miniaturized spectrophotometer to benchtop and hand-held Vis-NIR instruments in the spectral range of 900-1700 nm for prediction of intramuscular fat (IMF) content of freeze-dried ground lamb meat; and their ability to differentiate fresh lamb meat based on animal age (4 vs 12 months). The performance of the miniaturized spectrophotometer was not affected by sample temperature equilibration time. Partial Least Square regression models for IMF showed R = 0.86-0.89 and RMS…
Publication
ID32037171Published Date2020-04-01JournalJournal of dairy science, 2020-04-01, Volume 103
Milk fat globule membrane (MFGM) is a glycosylated, protein-embedded, phospholipid fraction that surrounds triglycerides in milk. Commercial bovine sources have recently come to the market as a novel food ingredient and have been added to various products, including infant formula. Considering that MFGM is a heterogeneous mixture of fat, protein, and carbohydrate, it can be expected that variations among MFGM products exist. For this reason, our aim was to characterize the composition of comm…
Publication
ID32018984Published Date2020-04-20JournalThe Science of the total environment, 2020-04-20, Volume 714
The net anthropogenic phosphorus inputs (NAPI) model has been used extensively to assess changes in phosphorus (P) inputs and cycling in the environment. However, temporary populations have generally been unconsidered in these assessments. In this study, the NAPI model was used to estimate P loads from the 16 towns and villages in the Erhai Lake Basin (ELB), Southwest China and to evaluate the potential impact from temporary residents (tourism). The results showed that the average value P inp…
Publication
ID31927281Published Date2020-03-25JournalThe Science of the total environment, 2020-03-25, Volume 710
Beef production in the Lake Taupō region of New Zealand (NZ) is regulated for nitrogen (N) leaching. The objectives of this study were to 1) evaluate the implications of nitrogen emission limitations on eutrophication and climate change impacts of NZ beef through its life cycle to a European market and uniquely link it to 2) estimation of the reduction in these impacts that can be funded by the consumer's willingness to pay (WTP) a premium for a low environmental-impact product.The cradle-to-…
Publication
ID32069217Published Date2020-05-01JournalReproduction (Cambridge, England), 2020-05-01, Volume 159
Ewes with single copy mutations in GDF9, BMP15 or BMPR1B have smaller preovulatory follicles containing fewer granulosa cells (GC), while developmental competency of the oocyte appears to be maintained. We hypothesised that similarities and/or differences in follicular maturation events between WT (++) ewes and mutant ewes with single copy mutations in BMP15 and BMPR1B (I+B+) are key to the attainment of oocyte developmental competency and for increasing ovulation rate (OR) without compromisi…
Publication
ID32045969Published Date2020-05-01JournalThe Science of the total environment, 2020-05-01, Volume 715
There is increasing interest in the potential of trees to sequester carbon (C) in above- and below-ground stocks to mitigate against increasing concentrations of greenhouse gases (GHG). This study determined whether pasture-tree (PT) systems influence soil C stocks compared with open pasture (OP) by sampling four sites with trees aged 14 to16 years. Poplars (Populus spp.) at Tikokino and Woodville and alders (Alnus spp.) at Poukawa and Ruakura were planted on contrasting soils (Haplustands, E…
Publication
ID32197854Published Date2020-03-17JournalJournal of dairy science, 2020-03-17
The development of the small intestine (SI) is important for the health and growth of neonatal calves. This study evaluated the effect of arginine (Arg) and glutamine (Gln) supplementation and 2 levels of milk allowance on the histomorphological development of the SI in preweaning calves. Sixty mixed-sex Friesian × Jersey calves (3-5 d of age) were offered reconstituted whole milk (125 g/L, 26% fat, 26% protein) at either high (20% of arrival body weight/d; HM) or low (10% of arrival body wei…
Publication
ID32179899Published Date2020-03-17JournalFEMS microbiology ecology, 2020-03-17
Globally, the conversion of primary forests to plantations and agricultural landscapes is a common land use change. Kauri (Agathis australis) is one of the most heavily impacted indigenous tree species of New Zealand with less than 1% of primary forest remaining as fragments adjacent to pastoral farming and exotic forest plantations. By contrasting two forest systems, we investigated if the fragmentation of kauri forests and introduction of pine plantations (Pinus radiata) is significantly im…
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Patents: 249
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