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Publication
PubMed ID28768889Published Date2017-08-16JournalProceedings. Biological sciences, 2017-08-16, Volume 284
The diversity of fishes on coral reefs is influenced by the evolution of feeding innovations. For instance, the evolution of an intramandibular jaw joint has aided shifts to corallivory in butterflyfishes following their Miocene colonization of coral reefs. Today, over half of all species consume coral, easily the largest concentration of corallivores in any reef fish family. In contrast with , other chaetodontids, including the long-jawed bannerfishes, remain less intimately associated with …
Publication
PubMed ID28768892Published Date2017-08-16JournalProceedings. Biological sciences, 2017-08-16, Volume 284
Understanding the developmental processes that underlie the production of adaptive variation (i.e. the 'arrival of the fittest') is a major goal of evolutionary biology. While most evo-devo studies focus on the genetic underpinnings of adaptive phenotypic variation, factors beyond changes in nucleotide sequence can also play a major role in shaping developmental outcomes. Here, we document a vigorous but enigmatic gaping behaviour during the early development of Lake Malawi cichlid larvae. Th…
Publication
PubMed ID28395159Published Date2017-08-15JournalJournal of colloid and interface science, 2017-08-15, Volume 500
We report the preparation of stable micelles from random copolymers of 2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate (HEMA) and perfluorophenyl azide (PFPA)-derivatized HEMA (HEMA-PFPA). The copolymers were synthesized by RAFT polymerization at room temperature under mild conditions without affecting the azide functionality. Upon addition of water to the copolymer solution in DMSO, the random copolymers self-assembled into micelles even at the percentage of HEMA-PFPA as low as 4.5%. The size of the micelles ca…
Publication
PubMed ID28387934Published Date2017-08-15JournalCancer, 2017-08-15, Volume 123
Few previous studies investigating depression before the diagnosis of breast cancer and breast cancer-specific mortality have examined depression measured at more than 1 time point. This study investigated the effect of depression (combining depressive symptoms alone with antidepressant use) measured at 2 time points before the diagnosis of breast cancer on all-cause mortality and breast cancer-specific mortality among older postmenopausal women.A large prospective cohort, the Women's Health …
Publication
PubMed ID28543585Published Date2017-08-30JournalStatistics in medicine, 2017-08-30, Volume 36
Emerging data suggest that the genetic regulation of the biological response to inflammatory stress may be fundamentally different to the genetic underpinning of the homeostatic control (resting state) of the same biological measures. In this paper, we interrogate this hypothesis using a single-SNP score test and a novel class-level testing strategy to characterize protein-coding gene and regulatory element-level associations with longitudinal biomarker trajectories in response to stimulus. U…
Publication
PubMed ID28557057Published Date2017-08-30JournalRapid communications in mass spectrometry : RCM, 2017-08-30, Volume 31
N-β-Alanyldopamine (NBAD) and N-acetyldopamine (NADA) are catecholamines that are used by insects as sclerotizing precursors to harden their cuticle. They share a common pathway utilizing the same set of sclerotizing enzymes. Yet, cuticles using NBAD are brown, while cuticles using NADA are colorless. To identify the cause of this major unresolved color difference, molecular transformations of NBAD with cuticular enzymes were investigated.Reactions of NBAD and NADA with native cuticle isolate…
Clinical Trial
Clinical Trial IDNCT03208179Start Date2017-09-01Completion Date2019-10-01PhasePhase 3Study TypeInterventionalStatusNot yet recruiting
This study evaluates the efficacy and safety of monthly intermittent preventive treatment using dihydroartemisinin piperaquine (DP) alone or in combination with azithromycin (AZ) compared to sulphadoxine-pyrimthamine (SP) for the prevention of malaria in pregnant women in the second and third trimester.
Clinical Trial
Clinical Trial IDNCT03120052Start Date2017-09-01Completion Date2020-01-01PhaseN/AStudy TypeObservationalStatusNot yet recruiting
The overall goal of this study is to identify what Physical Therapy care components are associated with the best patient-reported functional outcome after Total Knee Replacement (TKR) surgery. The investigators are specifically looking at outcomes at 6 and 12 months after surgery.
Publication
PubMed ID27626955Published Date2017-09-01JournalJournal of sports sciences, 2017-09-01, Volume 35
This study aimed to investigate the activation of lower limb muscles during barefoot and shod running with forefoot or rearfoot footfall patterns. Nine habitually shod runners were asked to run straight for 20 m at self-selected speed. Ground reaction forces and thigh and shank muscle surface electromyographic (EMG) were recorded. EMG outcomes (EMG intensity [iEMG], latency between muscle activation and ground reaction force, latency between muscle pairs and co-activation index between muscle…
Publication
PubMed ID27565027Published Date2017-09-01JournalHealth communication, 2017-09-01, Volume 32
Public health efforts focused on Latina youth sexuality are most commonly framed by the syndemic of teen pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections, a narrow and often heteronormative focus that perpetuates silences that contribute to health inequities and overlooks the growing need for increased education, awareness, and support for lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and questioning (LGBTQ) youth. This article presents findings from the project Let's Talk About Sex: Digital Storytelling…