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Publication
PubMed ID28527377Published Date2017-09-01JournalJournal of environmental management, 2017-09-01, Volume 199
Leadership is often viewed as being critical to successful natural resource management. This research focuses on a set of leaders identified through a social network analysis of fishers in a rural coastal region. Leaders' connections to different fisheries are evaluated, and these actors are found to be significantly more diversified than other fishers in the area. Drawing on theory related to institutional entrepreneurship and a series of in-depth interviews with these actors, this paper put…
Publication
PubMed ID28779439Published Date2017-08-04JournalEcoHealth, 2017-08-04
Invasive species rank second only to habitat destruction as a threat to native biodiversity. One consequence of biological invasions is altered risk of exposure to infectious diseases in human and animal populations. The distribution and prevalence of mosquito-borne diseases depend on the complex interactions between the vector, the pathogen, and the human or wildlife reservoir host. These interactions are highly susceptible to disturbance by invasive species, including terrestrial plants. We…
Publication
PubMed ID28777744Published Date2017-08-04JournalBioinspiration & biomimetics, 2017-08-04
In this study, the unsteady flow and acoustic characteristics of a three-dimensional (3D) flapping wing model of Tibicen linnei cicada at forward flight condition are numerically investigated. A single cicada wing is modelled as a membrane with prescribed motion reconstructed from high-speed videos of a live insect. The numerical solution takes a hydrodynamic/acoustic splitting approach: the flow field is solved with an incompressible Navier-Stokes flow solver based on immersed boundary metho…
Publication
PubMed ID28716924Published Date2017-08-01JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 2017-08-01, Volume 114
(laver) belongs to an ancient group of red algae (Bangiophyceae), is harvested for human food, and thrives in the harsh conditions of the upper intertidal zone. Here we present the 87.7-Mbp haploid genome (65.8% G + C content, 13,125 gene loci) and elucidate traits that inform our understanding of the biology of red algae as one of the few multicellular eukaryotic lineages. Novel features of the genome shared by other red algae relate to the cytoskeleton, calcium signaling, the cell cycle, an…
Publication
PubMed ID28778750Published Date2017-08-01JournalToxicology, 2017-08-01
Mitochondrial dysfunction with exposure to anthropogenic contaminants is a critical concern in biomedical and ecological health. Importantly, understanding the role of mitotoxicants in modulating organismal fitness and survival, particularly in the context of species' resilience to shifts in abiotic factors with climate change, is emerging as a key consideration. To date, only a few studies have focused on effects of mitotoxicants on organismal responses to additional abiotic stressors (e.g.,…
Publication
PubMed ID28635375Published Date2017-08-01JournalJournal of psychopharmacology (Oxford, England), 2017-08-01, Volume 31
A growing body of research suggests that traumatic events lead to persisting personality change characterized by increased neuroticism. Relevantly, enduring improvements in Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) symptoms have been found in response to 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA)-assisted psychotherapy. There is evidence that lasting changes in the personality feature of "openness" occur in response to hallucinogens, and that this may potentially act as a therapeutic mechanism of c…
Publication
PubMed ID28102019Published Date2017-08-01JournalJournal of the science of food and agriculture, 2017-08-01, Volume 97
Although shrimp can be found in certain high acid food matrices, the allergenic capacity of shrimp tropomyosin exposed to low pH condition has not been fully clarified. Thus, a model marinade comprising white vinegar adjusted to different pH was used to determine the effects of acid-induced denaturation on the immunoreactivity of tropomyosin.Whole shrimp experienced either swelling or shrinkage after marination depending on the vinegar pH and the final muscle pH. The extractability of soluble…
Publication
PubMed ID28609810Published Date2017-08-01JournalEcology letters, 2017-08-01, Volume 20
Correlative species distribution models are based on the observed relationship between species' occurrence and macroclimate or other environmental variables. In climates predicted less favourable populations are expected to decline, and in favourable climates they are expected to persist. However, little comparative empirical support exists for a relationship between predicted climate suitability and population performance. We found that the performance of 93 populations of 34 plant species w…
Publication
PubMed ID28705399Published Date2017-08-01JournalFungal biology, 2017-08-01, Volume 121
The Monoblepharidomycetes is the sister class to the Chytridiomycetes in the phylum Chytridiomycota. The six known genera have thalli that are either monocentric and without rhizoids or produce hyphae with an independent evolutionary origin from the hyphae of higher fungi. On the basis of morphological characters and phylogenetic evidence from the small and large subunits of nuclear ribosomal RNA, we established two new genera, Sanchytrium and Telasphaerula, each with a single species. We re-…
Publication
PubMed ID28026007Published Date2017-08-01JournalJournal of fish diseases, 2017-08-01, Volume 40
Piscirickettsia salmonis is an intracellular bacterium that was first isolated and identified in fish cells. Several types of cell lines have been explored for their ability to provide the bacterium with a host cell to replicate in. Tissue culture has been used for growth and cultivation for nearly two decades, until the facultative nature of P. salmonis was confirmed upon the development of blood- and cysteine-based agar. Since then, research has continued to drive the creation of novel agar…